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Victoria Ortiz

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COINCIDIR: Políticos al fin, enfermos de poder

Publicado: 02/11/2012 13:59

Cualquier noticia sobre el dictador Fidel Castro opaca cualquier otra en el mundo, y no porque sea el mejor político o líder, sino porque es la muestra de lo que un hombre con carisma y poder puede hacer con un país.

Recuerdo que en 1991, cuando todavía ejercía yo el periodismo en México, fui invitada por el gobierno mexicano a conocer Cuba. Fue en diciembre, día del aniversario de la Revolución Cubana, y la verdad es que me sentí muy atraída por la idea. Necesitaba ver de cerca la vida de los habitantes caribeños. ¿Pero qué fue lo que encontré? Contrastes inimaginables. Los ricos, porque aunque usted lo dude hay muchos ricos socialistas en Cuba, gozaban de todo lo que se le critica al mundo capitalista. Una marina de primer mundo - "La Marina Hemingway" -, las playas de Varadero, en donde existen hoteles de lujo, restaurantes en el centro de la Habana, también de primer mundo, casinos y shows y muchos otros lujos.

No lo podía creer. Pero lo que si quedó muy claro fue la extrema pobreza de un pueblo condicionado a creer en el Fidelismo para no enfrentar cárcel. Una juventud que no comprende la razón de una revolución, porque nació en un sistema que los condiciona a un par de zapatos al año, viviendas múltiples, prostitución en cada esquina.

Me quedé sorprendida de ver las colas que el pueblo hace para conseguir comida, mientras que la gente de Fidel vive a todo lujo. Eso lo vi, no me lo contaron.

Pocos años después tuve la oportunidad de entrevistar a Fidel Castro en las Naciones Unidas, en Nueva York, durante la Cumbre del Milenio, y entendí algunas cosas. Que los pueblos muchas veces nos dejamos llevar por el carisma y liderazgo de una persona y que pocas veces nos detenemos a pensar en las consecuencias de una mala elección. Castro tiene un gran carisma, verbo e inteligencia, y eso es innegable. Nunca se me va a olvidar que cuando hizo su aparición frente a la Asamblea General, los mandatarios presentes le aplaudieron más que a Bill Clinton, quien era el Presidente de Estados Unidos en ese momento. Pero cuando le pregunté a Castro, en una entrevista exclusiva, acerca de lo que había yo visto en Cuba años atrás, solo respondió que era la cara al exterior. La experiencia en el ámbito periodístico me ha enseñado a no creer todo lo que veo, ni creer todo lo que me dicen. Como Fidel hay muchos. Políticos, al fin, enfermos de mentiras y de poder.

Victoria Ortiz. Periodista independiente. vickyram27@yahoo.com

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  • A santera looks back while crossing the street where a wall is covered with a mural of the Cuban flag and an image of Cuba's revolutionary hero Ernesto "Che" Guevara in Havana, Cuba, Friday Jan. 27, 2012. After economic reforms by President Raul Castro were endorsed by the communist congress in mid-2011, the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) is preparing to hold a party conference this weekend. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Maria Karla Curvelo smiles while watching other children playing on the last day of the summer holidays in Havana, Cuba, Sunday, Sept 2, 2012. Cuba's neighborhood networks called Committees for the Defense of the Revolution organize street games for children the day before they start a new school year. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Schoolchildren hoist the Cuban national

    Schoolchildren hoist the Cuban national flag on the first day of school of the 2011-2012 academic year, in Havana, on September 5, 2011. AFP PHOTO/STR (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A woman makes her way in a street in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Oct.26, 2010. Tuesday the UN General Assembly will meet to vote the end of the embargo that has been affecting Cuba's economy since 1962. (AP Photo/Javier Galeano)

  • US cargo ship "Ana Cecilia" arrives at the Havana Bay, Cuba, early Friday, July 13, 2012. The "Ana Cecilia" is the first ship for half a century to carry humanitarian supplies from Miami to Havana. The shipping company, International Port Corporation, said its clients include charitable, religious, and humanitarian groups, as well as family members of people in Cuba. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • People make their way along a street in Havana, Cuba, early Friday Sept. 2, 2011. (AP Photo/Javier Galeano)

  • A girl in her school uniform crosses the street where flowers sit for sale in a cart in Havana, Cuba, Friday Jan. 27, 2012. After economic reforms by President Raul Castro were endorsed by the communist congress in mid-2011, the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) is preparing to hold a party conference this weekend. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • In this picture taken April 17, 2012, a man rides a pedicab through the streets of Old Havana, Cuba. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

  • Self-employed Carlos Alberto Gonzalez, right, and his assistant weigh a bag of onions to sell in the streets of Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, Aug. 8, 2012. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • The window of a garden company is decora

    The window of a garden company is decorated with a picture of Cuban leader Fidel Castro and Cuban national flags in Havana, 18 December 2007. Castro, 81, has made it abundantly clear for the first time that he may never come back to public life, even if he remains a powerful force behind the scenes. In a letter read out on state television Monday, Castro confirmed what many suspected for months, and also threw the spotlight on a rising new generation of communist leadership without naming interim President Raul Castro. AFP PHOTO/STR (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A crowd estimated at more than 500 thous

    A crowd estimated at more than 500 thousand Cuban workers participate in the May Day parade in Havana, on May 01, 2008. AFP PHOTO/ADALBERTO ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • More than 500 thousand Cuban workers par

    More than 500 thousand Cuban workers participate in the May Day parade in Havana, on May 01, 2008. AFP PHOTO/ADALBERTO ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Supporters of the Cuban government deplo

    Supporters of the Cuban government deploy a huge Cuban flag over the facade of the house where a group of members of the Ladies in White Cuban dissident organization are meeting, on March 18, 2011, in Havana. More than twenty women activists met to commemorate the eighth anniversary of the 'Primavera Negra' (Black Spring), when 75 Cuban oppositors were jailed. AFP PHOTO/ADALBERTO ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A veteran of the Revolution wears his military medals and holds a Cuban flag at an event celebrating Revolution Day in Guantanamo, Cuba, Thursday, July 26, 2012. Cuba marks the 59th anniversary of the July 26, 1953 rebel attack led by Fidel and Raul Castro on the Moncada military barracks. The attack is considered the beginning of the revolution that culminated with dictator Fulgencio Batista's ouster. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Lebanese soldiers stand guard behind Cuban and Lebanese protesters from leftist groups holding Cuban flags and portraits of five Cubans held in U.S. prisons, marking the 14th anniversary of their arrest in Florida in 1998, during a sit-in near the U.S. embassy in Aukar, east of Beirut, Lebanon, Sunday, Sept. 9, 2012. The five were convicted of spying for Cuba and sentenced to terms that ranged from 10 years to life in prison. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)

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  • Anti-Castro leader Marta Beatriz Roque (

    Anti-Castro leader Marta Beatriz Roque (R) attends the weekly demonstration of the 'Ladies in White' movement (wives and mothers of political prisoners) in the streets of Havana 09 December 2007. The peaceful 'Ladies in white' movement demonstrated for the first time in front of the Cuban National Assembly ahead of tomorrow's International Human Rights Day. AFP PHOTO/ADALBERTO ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • (From R to L) Cuban government opponents

    HAVANA, CUBA: (From R to L) Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roca, Marta Beatriz Roque, Felix Bonne and Rene Gomez Manzano, hold a meeting at the residence of Michael Pamley, head of the US Interest Office in Havana, 21 June, 2007. The opponents celebrated the 10th anniversary of the manifesto 'The Land is for All', written by them 10 years ago. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roc

    HAVANA, CUBA: Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roca (R) and Marta Beatriz Roque, chat during a meeting at the residence of Michael Pamley, head of the US Interest Office in Havana, 21 June, 2007. The opponents celebrated the 10th anniversary of the manifesto 'The Land is for All', written by them 10 years ago. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A group of Cuban women, wifes and mother

    LA HABANA, CUBA: A group of Cuban women, wifes and mothers of political prisoners, hold pictures of dissident Marta Beatriz Roque 09 May 2004 in Havana, during a Mother's Day demonstration asking the government to free their relatives. AFP PHOTO (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Police keep residents at bay after a lea

    Police keep residents at bay after a leading Cuban dissident, economist Marta Beatriz Roque was arrested in Havana 20 March 2003, the latest victim of a crackdown in which at least 55 people were detained this week, another political activist, told AFP. Roque was arrested early 20 March 2003 together with five other dissidents staging a 10-day-old hunger strike to press for the release of political prisoners, according to the head of the Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation (CCDHRN), a group that is banned but tolerated by the island's communist authorities. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Berta Soler, leader of Cuban dissident group Ladies in White speaks with journalists after her organization's meeting with Cardinal Jaime Ortega in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, June 7, 2012. Ladies in White is a group made up of relatives of Cuban dissidents who are imprisoned. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Laura Labrada, member of dissident group "Ladies in White," wears a T-shirt showing a photograph of the late Cuban activist Oswaldo Paya, center, and of late dissident leader Laura Pollan, top right, during Paya's burial at a cemetery in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, July 24, 2012. Paya, 60, gained international fame as the lead organizer of the Varela Project, a signature-gathering drive asking authorities for a referendum on guaranteeing rights such as freedom of speech and assembly. The initiative launched a decade ago was seen as the biggest nonviolent campaign to change the system Fidel Castro established after the 1959 Cuban revolution. Paya died on Sunday, July 22, 2012 in a car crash. Paya's death follows the October 2011 death of Laura Pollan, the leader of the "Ladies in White." (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Spanish citizen Angel Francisco Carromero speaks during a press conference via pre-taped video footage that was shown during a press conference organized by Cuba's International Press Center, in Havana, Cuba, Monday, July 30, 2012. Carromero and Swedish citizen Jens Aron Modig, who were traveling with Cuban dissident Oswaldo Paya when he died in a car crash, are denying speculation that a second vehicle was involved. Carromero says he braked abruptly after entering an unpaved construction zone and lost control. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Members of the opposition group Cuban Network of Community Communicators, facing the home of prominent dissident Martha Beatriz Roque, gather in a walkway, just outside her window, in support of her hunger strike in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Sept 11, 2012. Roque has declared a hunger strike and says 12 other opposition members are joining her. The hunger strikers are seeking to draw attention to the injustices committed in their view against opponents of the government and the lack of response from the authorities to their demands. Among their demands is that Cuba's government free a little-known opposition member, Jorge Vazquez. They say he is serving a jail term for a minor, non-political crime and ought to have been freed Sunday. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Members of the opposition group Cuban Network of Community Communicators sit inside the home of prominent dissident Martha Beatriz Roque in support of her hunger strike, in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, Sept 13, 2012. Roque is seeking to draw attention to the injustices committed in her view against opponents of the government and the lack of response from the authorities to demands. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • APTOPIX Cuba Hunger Strike

  • Tibetan Youth Congress members rest on their beds, in the background, on the 17th day of their indefinite hunger strike in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Sept. 19, 2012. The demands of the hunger strikers include pressing China to grant immediate access to governments, international organizations and the media to travel in Tibet in order to understand the aspirations of Tibetans living there and to release Tibetan prisoners of conscience, among others. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

  • Tibetan Youth Congress members rest on their beds, in the background, on the 17th day of their indefinite hunger strike in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Sept. 19, 2012. The demands of the hunger strikers include pressing China to grant immediate access to governments, international organizations and the media to travel in Tibet in order to understand the aspirations of Tibetans living there and to release Tibetan prisoners of conscience, among others. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

 
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