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Miguel Silva

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Carta a un ciudadano americano: El regreso a la caverna

Publicado: 07/11/2012 09:28

elecciones

Ahora que ha perdido Mitt Romney las elecciones en Estados Unidos, empezará un juicio de residencia al interior del Partido Republicano. Los líderes del Tea Party, el ala radical derechista de los EEUU, dirá que Romney, a quien detestan, no ganó porque nunca consolidó sus credenciales como republicano de derechas. Y empezarán a alinear sus baterías para detener cualquier iniciativa de Obama en el Congreso y para preparar sus alfiles para la campaña en cuatro años.
Pero ese análisis será equivocado.

Romney no perdió las elecciones por no haber certificado suficientemente sus credenciales como republicano extremista. Las perdió precisamente por haber perdido su perfil de republicano moderado para poder capturar el apoyo de su partido, hoy secuestrado por el Tea Party, un grupo xenófobo, racista, ultrareligioso, convencido en las ideas de eliminar impuestos a los más ricos, recuperar los métodos de interrogación más duros para la CIA (léase la tortura) y de pisar más duro en el escenario internacional.

Romney en realidad no era uno de ellos.

Pero para ganar las primarias se mimetizó en uno de ellos.

Y como buen político sin principios -distintos al principio de querer ser Presidente- terminó en una indefinición ideológica que acabó con él. Al extremo de que, luego del debate que ganó contra Obama, la campaña del Presidente salió a burlarse de este "personaje apasionado que declara ser Mitt Romney" y que al haberse echado para atrás sobre todo lo que llevaba diciendo los últimos meses demostraba que se había dado cuenta de que su visión para los EEUU era incorrecta.
En ese sentido, la sección The Talk of the Town del New Yorker definió la campaña hace meses con gran precisión: "Romney hace campaña diciendo que él no es Mitt Romney. Obama hace campaña diciendo que EL tampoco es Mitt Romney".

El mundo gana con un segundo periodo para Obama. Tendremos un Presidente que, no obstante las amarras que tendrá en el Congreso, ha comprendido que la búsqueda del "middle ground" con los republicanos no es posible dadas las circunstancias actuales. Obama deberá empujar su agenda de una manera más agresiva que en el pasado. Para hacerlo deberá "llevar su caso a la gente" todos los días, para sea el costo de opinión lo que mueva a los republicanos a trabajar con él de manera razonable en algunos casos.

Para el resto del mundo, el cambio de un Presidente de EEUU en medio de la tormenta financiera habría traído consigo nefastas consecuencias. Obama lleva ya cuatro años recluido en una sala de crisis financiera y ha logrado recuperar el rumbo para su país, si bien una parte importante del mundo desarrollado sigue un poco a la deriva.

Para los hispanos quizá haya algún premio por su extraordinaria fidelidad al presidente.
Para América Latina será un momento de "no news, good news", en la medida en que Obama no mira hacia el sur del Río Grande ni para bien ni para mal, pero ha manejado con destreza la existencia de un bloque de países populistas y autocráticos liderados por Venezuela.

El debate sobre la derrota de Romney llevará, como dije antes, a algunos a pensar que lo que el partido Republicano debe hacer es radicalizarse aún más, jugarse por tipos como Marco Rubio o Paul Ryan. Eso sería un regreso a la caverna y, yo creo, el fin del Tea Party por vía del suicidio.

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  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama watches as first lady Michelle Obama gives a thumbs up at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Jill Biden Joe Biden

    President Barack Obama, first lady Michelle Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Jill Biden acknowledge the crowd at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • President Barack Obama , joined by his wife Michelle, Vice President Joe Biden and his spouse Jill acknowledge applause after Obama delivered his victory speech to supporters gathered in Chicago early Wednesday Nov. 7 2012. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama waves to his supporters after his speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. At right is Vice President Joe Biden. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • Joe Biden, Jill Biden

    Vice President Joe Biden and his wife Jill Biden wave to the supporters after President Barack Obama's speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks out on stage to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • Mitt Romney

    Republican presidential candidate and former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney arrives to his election night rally, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Boston. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Japanese high-school students celebrate reports that President Barack Obama won the U.S. presidential election at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye)

  • Kelly Rodgers, 18, of Philadelphia, holds a sign saying "We Will Barack You" as people celebrate outside of the White House after President Barack Obama won re-election against Mitt Romney in the presidential election on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)

  • People react after they learn President Obama has won at Democratic headquarters in Portland, Ore., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012.(AP Photo/Don Ryan)

  • Supporters react as the watch televised reports projecting President Obama as the winner during a Democratic Party election party, Tuesday Nov. 6, 2012, in Salt Lake City, Utah. (AP Photo/The Salt Lake Tribune, Trent Nelson) LOCAL TV OUT; MAGS OUT; DESERET NEWS OUT

  • Obama 2012

    President Barack Obama supporters celebrate televised reports of his projected re-election for president of the United States during a rally at M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Md., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

  • A supporter of President Barack Obama reacts to positive predictions for her candidate as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Barack Obama

    Supporters cheer as a network projects the re-election of President Barack Obama at his election night party Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama

    A supporter reacts to election results at the election night party for President Barack Obama Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

  • US-VOTE-2012-ELECTION-OBAMA

    Supporters of US President Barack Obama react to results on election night November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. AFP PHOTO / Robyn Beck (Photo credit should read ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Cean Orrett, 45, center, and Gareth Edmondson-Jones, 46, of San Diago, both recently married in New York, react to positive predictions for President Barack Obama as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • ITALY-US-VOTE-2012

    A supporter of US President Barack Obama attends the US election night party in Milan on November 7, 2012 . AFP PHOTO / GIUSEPPE CACACE (Photo credit should read GIUSEPPE CACACE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Guests look at early projections for votes for the President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney during the Presidential Election party at the U.S. Embassy in London, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

  • Voters wait in line near the Irondale Senior Citizens' Center, near Birmingham, Ala., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Even though polls had closed for the 2012 general election, nearly 1,000 stood in a line that wrapped around nearby streets to cast their ballot. (AP Photo/The Birmingham News, Tamika Moore) MAGS OUT

  • Poll workers Eva Prenga, right, Roxanne Blancero, center, and Carole Sevchuk try to start an optical scanner voting machine in the cold and dark at a polling station in a tent in the Midland Beach section of Staten Island, New York, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. The original polling site, a school, was damaged by Superstorm Sandy. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

  • Voters cast their ballots at a polling place inside St. Leo's Catholic Church in Baltimore on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

  • Voters pack the South Starkvile Voting Precinct trying to get their vote in before heading to work on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Starkville, Miss. (AP Photo/Kerry Smith)

  • Panika Dillion makes calls to potential voters while volunteering at the Travis County Democratic Party Coordinated Campaign Headquarters on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Tamir Kalifa)

  • Voters leave a polling place on election day on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Nashville, Tenn. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

  • Voters line up to cast ballots in the general election at Barrow County's Precinct 16 at Bethlehem Christian Academy, Tuesday morning, Nov. 6, 2012, in Bethlehem, Ga. (AP Photo/David Tulis)

  • President Barack Obama buttons at the Obama field office located on Wyoming Avenue in Scranton, Pa., on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 during Election Day. (AP Photo/Scranton Times & Tribune, Butch Comegys) WILKES BARRE TIMES-LEADER OUT; MANDATORY CREDIT

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Victor "Snake Mann" Wolder, marks his choices while voting during Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or "sovereign free association," a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • People walk with a dog toward the main entrance of a polling place at a Hoboken Fire Department firehouse on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Hoboken, N.J. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • A line forms outside a polling place as people gather to vote on Election Day Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Classical studies major Omar Dyette, from Racine, Wis., front right, mans a table outside the polls on the campus of Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Dyette volunteered with the Ohio Public Interest Research Group to register college students prior to the 2012 election. (AP Photo/Mark Duncan)

  • Noelle Connor

    Noelle Connor, a Madison, Miss., poll worker readies a sticker to apply to the lapel of finished voters at her precinct Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Local officials expressed their pleasure with the large early turnout of voters. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)

  • Susan Mardas celebrates Election Day by wearing a festive hat Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, while waiting for her mother to vote in Scarborough, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)

  • People cast their votes at the Suder Elementary School voting precinct in Jonesboro, Ga. on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Kent D. Johnson) MARIETTA DAILY OUT; GWINNETT DAILY POST OUT; LOCAL TV OUT; WXIA-TV OUT; WGCL-TV OUT

  • VIRGINIA VOTE

    Voters wait on line on Election Day at the Amtrak waiting room at Main St. Station in Richmond, Va Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Richmond Times-Dispatch, Bob Brown).

  • Amy Kobuchar

    U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar, D Minn., right, stands in line waiting to vote at Marcy School, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Minneapolis. (AP Photo/Andy King)

  • Voters wait in line at a polling place located inside a shopping mall on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)

  • Addey Munye

    Addey Munye, 67, shows off her "I Voted" sticker after she cast her ballot in her first election at a polling station in the West Acres Mall in Fargo, N.D, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Munye is originally from Somalia. (AP Photo/LM Otero)

  • Voters wait to cast a ballot at P.S. 33 in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. Voting in a the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or sovereign free association, a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • Voters check in and cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. Voting in the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)


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  • Angie Navarro

    Que tranquilidad da escuchar a Romney... Una vez terminada la elección. Que gusto la reelección d Obama...

  • Andrea García

    Sandy dejó de ser relevante en USA porque la agenda setting del día es la reelección de Obama #ProblemasDeUnaEstudianteDeComunicaciónSocial

  • Germán García

    Los latinos, los gays y la marihuana, le dieron la reelección a Obama

  • juan cardenes

    "El liderazgo es una oportunidad de servir; no de lucirse."=reelección@Barackobama presidente 4 mas.

  • Juanjo Parcero

    más importante q la reeleccion de BO, el asunto de los matrimonios gays, la marihuana y la pena de muerte, todo a votación, veremos resultad

  • Ivan Sandoval

    La ventaja de una reeleccion es la madurez q a adquirido el Pdte durante su gobierno para encarar el proximo periodo

  • Hugo Santaromita

    Los hispanos le dieron un apoyo abrimador a Barack Obama en varios de los estados clave para obtener su reelección.

  • Pere San Jose Orgaz

    @julia_otero Un presidente de origen africano consigue la reelección en USA gracias al apoyo de los latinos. Suena bien http://t.co/Fhv1ujOE

  • Erika ♡

    EEUU y VENEZUELA tienen algo en común, la reelección de los Presidentes Chávez y Obama,lo único es que este último no hizo trampa!

  • Tania Gordillo

    Me alegra mucho la reelección de Obama, pero lo que realmente me pone feliz es la legalización de la marihuana en Colorado & Washington.

  • andres gualteros

    Obama tiene mucho trabajo y cosas por hacer, 4 años muchas veces no son suficientes. 100% de acuerdo en la reelección.

  • José Luis Velasco

    Quien lo iba a decir: el huracan Sandy ayuda a la reeleccion de Obama @Obama2012 Congratulations, Gracias al voto latino

  • Alfonso López

    RT @xosean: Afortunadamente, la "Regla de los Redskins" no funcionó, y aunque perdieron en casa, hubo reelección en EU.

  • ROSANA FRANCO

    Empire State se pinta de azul como muestra de la reelección de @BarackObama como presidente de los EEUU. #4moreyears http://t.co/JOnTusLQ

  • Andrés Pereyra

    La connotación de una reelección en latinoamérica y en EE.UU. son diametralmente opuestas.

  • Transponder 1200

    ::Cuatro Años más para Barack Obama:: #Eleccion2012 #BarackObama Barack Obama ganó la reelección según la... http://t.co/LYKTdwhX

  • Katherine Ulate

    Espero cambios y calmar las dudas que nacen en esta reelección...

  •  Mª Isabel Oduber 

    Felicidades @barackobama!!! http://t.co/Z4IfNNkP

  • Marcos Morales

    Obama se lo merece otra oportunidad ahora que cumpla con lo que dijo con la nueva reeleccion

  • Dario Klein

    Todo indica que va a ganar Obama, pero no vamos a enterarnos esta noche. Los estados clave están muy apretados. #eleccionesEEUU

Encuesta

¿Qué esperas del segundo mandato de Barack Obama?

VOTA

¿Estás de acuerdo con la reelección de Barack Obama como Presidente de Estados Unidos?
Mira qué opinan otros y deja tu comentario aquí

*Miguel Silva, colombiano, fue Secretario General de la Presidencia de Colombia y fundó la revista Gatopardo. Es periodista y consultor en comunicaciones estratégicas.

 
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