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Miguel Silva

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Carta a un ciudadano americano: Chávez, hora de irse

Publicado: 05/10/2012 10:16

hugo chavez

Estamos a pocos días de las elecciones en Venezuela. Mi pronóstico es que ganará Henrique Capriles Radonski, un caraqueño de 40 años que ha sido alcalde de Baruta y gobernador de Miranda y quien, hasta hoy, no ha perdido una sola elección. Ha logrado en esta campaña despertar admiración y alegría en millones de compatriotas suyos que salen a las calles masivamente a apoyarlo. Pero las posibilidades de que suceda lo contrario no pueden ser desestimadas. Todo porque un teniente coronel, que parece salido de Tintín en la Oreja Rota, ha decidido quedarse en el poder hasta morir, como ocurrirá relativamente pronto, de un cáncer cuyas características solo las conoce el servicio secreto cubano.

Por otros motivos y sin duda con alguien considerablemente más ilustrado que Chávez y con mejores intenciones, el presidente Franklin Delano Roosevelt fue exitoso, a los 12 años en el poder (Chávez lleva 14) en ganar la reelección por otros cuatro años. Pero la experiencia fue tan traumática que el sistema constitucional de los Estados Unidos fue modificado poco tiempo después para prohibir para siempre un tercer periodo presidencial. Ojalá nuestros países siguieran ese ejemplo.

Roosevelt fue elegido Presidente de los EEUU en 1932, durante la Gran Depresión. Reelecto en 1936, decidió romper la tradición de no presentarse para un tercer periodo. Fue elegido nuevamente en 1940. Como si fuera poco, el electorado decidió apoyarlo una vez más, en una tercera relección para un cuarto periodo, en el 44.

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  • Febrero 24 del 2012. Hugo Chávez es ovacionado por seguidores, camino hacia el aeropuerto para viajar a Cuba.

  • Abril 13 del 2012. Hugo Chávez aplaude a la multitud que se congregó ante el balcón del palacio presidencial de Miraflores en Caracas, en conmemoración a su regreso a la presidencia después de haber sido brevemente derrocado hace 10 años.

  • Abril del 2012 Hugo Chávez se reunió con su homólogo uruguayo, José Mujica, en el palacio presidencial de Miraflores en Caracas, Venezuela.

  • 17 de marzo del 2012 Hugo Chávez lanza un beso a sus seguidores desde el balcón del palacio presidencial en Caracas, luego de haber pasado tres semanas en Cuba, donde fue sometido a cirugía.

  • 24 de febrero del 2012 El presidente venezolano en la calles de Caracas de camino al aeropuerto para viajar a Cuba.

  • 24 febrero 2012 Hugo Chávez seca el sudor de su cara de camino al aeropuerto para viajar a Cuba y comenzar tratamiento de radioterapias.

  • Hugo Chavez y su hija Rosa Maria en Caracas, Venezuela.

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (R) spe

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (R) speaks with his Cuban counterpart Raul Castro ater the ALBA summit, at the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, on February 5, 2012. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) gre

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) greets his Nicaraguan counterpart Daniel Ortega (C) and his wife Rosario Murillo, before the ALBA summit opening ceremony at the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, on February 4, 2012. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez salutes

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez salutes before the start of a military parade to commemorate the 20th anniversary of his failed coup attempt, on February 4 , 2012, in Caracas. AFP PHOTO/JUAN BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega (L) s

    Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega (L) stands with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (C) and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (R) in Managua on January 10, 2012. Ahmadinejad and Chavez came to Nicaragua to attend the inauguration of president Daniel Ortega's third term. AFP PHOTO/Rodrigo ARANGUA (Photo credit should read RODRIGO ARANGUA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez gesture

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez gestures as he waits for his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, at Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas on January 9, 2012. AFP PHOTO/JUAN BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • The President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez

    The President of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez (L), hugs his Peruvian counterpart Ollanta Humala, in Orinoco Oil Belt in Monagas state, on January 7, 2012. Humala is on an official visit to Venezuela. AFP PHOTO/Leo RAMIREZ (Photo credit should read LEO RAMIREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) kis

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez (L) kisses the hand of Venezuelan Miss World 2011 Ivian Sarcos (R) during a meting in Miraflores Presidential Palace in Caracas, on January 04, 2011. AFP PHOTO / Leo RAMIREZ (Photo credit should read LEO RAMIREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez speaks

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez speaks during a press conference at the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas on December 6, 2011. Chavez said that he will travel to Brazil on December 11 --after attending Argentine president Cristina Kirchner's inauguration-- to pay a visit to former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, affected by cancer, like himself. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez is see

    Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez is seen during the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) summit on December 2, 2011 in Caracas. Thirty-three Latin America and Caribbean heads of state meet during two days to create the CELAC which aspires to become a new regional body excluding the United States and Canada, under the leadership of Venezuelan Hugo Chavez. AFP PHOTO / LEO RAMIREZ (Photo credit should read LEO RAMIREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez waves a

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez waves as he holds a child during the launching of the 'Gran mision de los hijos de mi pueblo Venezuela' (Great mission of the sons of my people Venezuela), in Caracas on November 25, 2011. Chavez announced that the first shipment of gold from abroad will arrive Friday, beginning with an operation to repatriate all reserves that, until now, the country kept outside its borders. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez address

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez addresses supporters during a rally in Caracas, on November 13, 2011. Chavez took a bath of masses in his first outdoor political rally after chemotherapy, and asked 'reunification' to his followers with a view to the polls in 2012, which he promised to win. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez deliver

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez delivers a speech during the ceremony to welcome Colombian Maria Emma Mejia, UNASUR Secretary General (not depicted), at the Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas, on October 26, 2011. AFP PHOTO/LEO RAMIREZ (Photo credit should read LEO RAMIREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez deliver

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez delivers a speech at the Miraflor presidential palace in Caracas on October 1, 2011. Chavez said Saturday that he is recovering from a cancer that was diagnosed more than three months ago and that he was 'confident' that he will be reelected in next year's elections and in the following , thus allowing him to remain in power until 2030. AFP PHOTO/Leo RAMIREZ (Photo credit should read LEO RAMIREZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez makes t

    Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez makes the 'v' sign after meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov at the presidential palace in Caracas on August 24, 2011 during the latter's official visit to the country. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Venezuela President Hugo Chavez gestures

    Venezuela President Hugo Chavez gestures at Miraflores presidential palace in Caracas on August 21, 2011. A group of ten Dominicans shaved their heads in solidarity with Chavez, who had to be treated with chemotherapy for his cancer, and visited him at Miraflores presidential palace. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO (Photo credit should read JUAN BARRETO/AFP/Getty Images)

No sin razón muchos empezaron a hablar de una dictadura democrática en los Estados Unidos.
Roosevelt murió a los 4 meses, y fue sucedido por Truman, pero el país decidió actuar para evitar que esto sucediera de nuevo.

La enmienda, ratificada finalmente por todos los estados en 1951, es tajante. Nadie puede ejercer más de dos periodos constitucionales como presidente de los Estados Unidos.

Chávez en cambio lo ha intentado todo. Un plebiscito celebrado el 2 de diciembre de 2007 echó para atrás su intención de abrir la puerta a una relección indefinida. Sin embargo ahí está, de candidato, a punto de explotar por los esteroides y la cortisona que le ponen para sacarlo cada tercer día a la campaña a repetir el mismo sonsonete que mantiene a Venezuela, uno de los países más ricos de la región, sumido en la pobreza. Ojalá recapacite y sepa entregar el mando, dignamente, cuando el electorado decida apoyar mayoritariamente a su adversario y contribuya a que ese país haga una pacífica transición democrática.

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  • Hugo Chavez

    Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez cheer during a campaign rally in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Chavez will run for re-election against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles on Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

  • Hugo Chavez

    Supporters of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez cheer during a campaign rally in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Chavez will run for re-election against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles on Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

  • Hugo Chavez

    CORRECTS MISSPELLING IN THE NAME OF THE CITY - Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez salutes supporters during a campaign rally in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Chavez will run for re-election against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles on Oct. 7. At right is Chavez's daughter Rosa Virginia.(AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Opposition Presidential candidate Henrique Capriles greets supporters during campaing rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7.(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Supporters of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles cheer during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    A supporter of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles with her face painted with the colors of the Venezuelan flag attends a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Hugo Chavez

    Pausilio Gonzalez, a supporter of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez, attends a campaign rally in Yaracuy, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Chavez will run for re-election against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles on Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

  • Henrique Capriles

    A supporter of holds a sign in support of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles during campaing rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in presidential elections on Oct. 7. The sign reads in Spanish "I was a 'Chavista' and thank you to 'skinny' I opened my eyes. There is a way".(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Supporters of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles cheer during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    A supporter of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles holds a sign against President Hugo Chavez during campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against Chavez in presidential elections on Oct. 7. The sign reads in Spanish " I am young but not an idiot, no voting for this donkey".(AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles, center, gestures from the top of a vehicle during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles gestures during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    Supporters of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles cheer from a building during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Henrique Capriles

    A supporter of opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles holds up an image of him during a campaign rally in Barcelona, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Capriles will run against President Hugo Chavez in the presidential elections Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)

  • Hugo Chavez

    Supporters hold a portrait of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez during a campaign rally in Yaracuy, Venezuela, Tuesday, Oct. 2, 2012. Chavez is running for re-election against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles in presidential elections on Oct.7.Venezuela's presidential election is scheduled for Oct. 7. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

¿Quién es tu favorito para ganar, Hugo Chávez o Henrique Capriles?
Mira qué opinan otros y deja tu comentario aquí

*Miguel Silva, colombiano, fue Secretario General de la Presidencia de Colombia y fundó la revista Gatopardo. Es periodista y consultor en comunicaciones estratégicas.

 
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