Más

Maribel Hastings

Recibir actualizaciones de Maribel Hastings
 

Latinos se vuelcan en las urnas a favor de Obama; inmigración factor central

Publicado: 07/11/2012 01:04

apoyo barack obama

Washington, DC - Sin lugar a dudas el tema de la inmigración o más bien el manejo que dieron los candidatos al tema de la inmigración fue determinante en que los electores hispanos del país se volcaran a favor del presidente Barack Obama garantizando su reelección. Igualmente, las posturas migratorias extremistas del abanderado republicano, Mitt Romney, fueron determinantes en el rechazo de los electores hispanos a su candidatura.

Obama habría obtenido el mayor porcentaje del voto latino jamás registrado por un candidato, según un sondeo de víspera electoral de Latino Decisions e ImpreMedia: 75%, superando el 72% del sufragio hispano logrado por Bill Clinton en los comicios de 1996. Otros sondeos a boca de urna colocan el voto latino por Obama entre 69% y 71%, de todos modos superando el 67% que obtuvo en 2008. Y Romney, de acuerdo al mismo sondeo de Latino Decisions, habría logrado uno de los índices más bajos de apoyo hispano, 23%, superado solamente por el 21% que logró Bob Dole en 1996. Obama mantuvo estados claves que ganó en 2008: Florida, Nevada, Colorado, Nuevo México, Virginia y Ohio. Perdió otros que estuvieron en su columna en 2008, como Carolina del Norte, donde se impuso Romney con el abrumador apoyo de electores blancos y mayores.

De esta forma, los resultados electorales confirman el papel de la inmigración en definir a candidatos y partidos entre los electores hispanos y en determinar cómo y por quién votarán esos votantes latinos.

Obama no pudo cumplir su promesa de impulsar una reforma migratoria amplia en su primer mandato y bajo su presidencia se rompieron récords de deportaciones. En un momento dado, sus cifras de apoyo entre los votantes latinos se redujeron. Pero su decisión de amparar temporalmente de la deportación a jóvenes indocumentados o Soñadores mediante la Acción Diferida fue instrumental en la movilización de votantes latinos a través del país. Y ésto no fue sólo entre los votantes hispanos naturalizados sino entre los nacidos en Estados Unidos y de diversas generaciones.

Un amplio porcentaje de votantes latinos acudieron a las urnas y la Asociación Nacional de Funcionarios Latinos Electos y Designados calculó que serían 12.2 millones, un alza de 26% con respecto a 2008.

Los sondeos de víspera electoral de la firma Latino Decisions para ImpreMedia encontraron que la inmigración ocupó un sólido segundo lugar entre los temas más importantes para los electores latinos del país, superado sólo por la economía y los trabajos, y en estados como Arizona y Carolina del Norte la inmigración superó a los empleos y la economía.

La inmigración mostró ser un arma movilizadora del voto latino a favor y en contra de candidatos. Mientras Obama fue favorecido, Romney fue desechado por los votantes latinos quienes se sintieron menos entusiasmados por las posturas más radicales de Romney: su oposición a una reforma migratoria integral, su apoyo al concepto de autodeportación, su promesa de vetar el DREAM Act, si fuese electo presidente y el proyecto cruzara sus manos, y su afirmación de que la ley antiinmigrante SB 1070 de Arizona debía ser modelo para la nación.

Los resultados suponen retos para ambos partidos políticos.

Obama y sobre todo los demócratas del Congreso, deberán buscar la forma de generar apoyo bipartidista a algún plan de reforma de las leyes de inmigración o en su defecto, el presidente, tal y como hizo con los Soñadodes, debe contemplar medidas administrativas que amparen a otros grupos de indocumentados, por ejemplo, los padres de niños ciudadanos. Tras el desempeño del voto latino en garantizar su reelección, dejar colgando el tema de la reforma migratoria en su segunda administración puede ir en perjuicio de los demócratas en futuras elecciones.

El trabajo de los republicanos es todavía más duro. Las pobres cifras de apoyo hispano a Romney demuestran lo bajo que ha caído este partido en la preferencia de los electores latinos motivado principalmente por las posturas migratorias extremas, no sólo en retórica sino en sustancia.

Y si el Partido Republicano tiene un ápice de sentido común debe comenzar desde ya a cambiar su mensaje y sus posturas porque esta es quizá la última elección en que intenten llegar a la Casa Blanca apoyándose únicamente en el voto de los anglosajones e ignorando al grupo demográfico de mayor crecimiento: los hispanos.

El mensaje más claro de esta elección es que la solución al dilema migratorio es inevitable: los demócratas deberán cumplir sus promesas so pena de perder el abrumador apoyo latino que lograron en esta elección; y los republicanos necesitan abordar el tema para garantizar su viabilidad nuevamente en la política nacional.

De hecho, el sondeo de Latino Decisions para ImpreMedia encontró que 31% de los hispanos a nivel nacional considerarían votar por el Partido Republicano si evidenciaran apoyo a una reforma migratoria amplia. A ver si esa cifra y su catastrófico desempeño en los comicios los convencen de una vez y por todas de que tienen que trabajar con los demócratas para arribar a una solución bipartidista al dilema migratorio.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama watches as first lady Michelle Obama gives a thumbs up at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Jill Biden Joe Biden

    President Barack Obama, first lady Michelle Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Jill Biden acknowledge the crowd at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • President Barack Obama , joined by his wife Michelle, Vice President Joe Biden and his spouse Jill acknowledge applause after Obama delivered his victory speech to supporters gathered in Chicago early Wednesday Nov. 7 2012. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama waves to his supporters after his speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. At right is Vice President Joe Biden. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • Joe Biden, Jill Biden

    Vice President Joe Biden and his wife Jill Biden wave to the supporters after President Barack Obama's speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks out on stage to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • Mitt Romney

    Republican presidential candidate and former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney arrives to his election night rally, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Boston. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Japanese high-school students celebrate reports that President Barack Obama won the U.S. presidential election at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye)

  • Kelly Rodgers, 18, of Philadelphia, holds a sign saying "We Will Barack You" as people celebrate outside of the White House after President Barack Obama won re-election against Mitt Romney in the presidential election on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)

  • People react after they learn President Obama has won at Democratic headquarters in Portland, Ore., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012.(AP Photo/Don Ryan)

  • Supporters react as the watch televised reports projecting President Obama as the winner during a Democratic Party election party, Tuesday Nov. 6, 2012, in Salt Lake City, Utah. (AP Photo/The Salt Lake Tribune, Trent Nelson) LOCAL TV OUT; MAGS OUT; DESERET NEWS OUT

  • Obama 2012

    President Barack Obama supporters celebrate televised reports of his projected re-election for president of the United States during a rally at M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Md., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

  • A supporter of President Barack Obama reacts to positive predictions for her candidate as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Barack Obama

    Supporters cheer as a network projects the re-election of President Barack Obama at his election night party Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama

    A supporter reacts to election results at the election night party for President Barack Obama Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

  • US-VOTE-2012-ELECTION-OBAMA

    Supporters of US President Barack Obama react to results on election night November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. AFP PHOTO / Robyn Beck (Photo credit should read ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Cean Orrett, 45, center, and Gareth Edmondson-Jones, 46, of San Diago, both recently married in New York, react to positive predictions for President Barack Obama as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • ITALY-US-VOTE-2012

    A supporter of US President Barack Obama attends the US election night party in Milan on November 7, 2012 . AFP PHOTO / GIUSEPPE CACACE (Photo credit should read GIUSEPPE CACACE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Guests look at early projections for votes for the President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney during the Presidential Election party at the U.S. Embassy in London, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

  • Voters wait in line near the Irondale Senior Citizens' Center, near Birmingham, Ala., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Even though polls had closed for the 2012 general election, nearly 1,000 stood in a line that wrapped around nearby streets to cast their ballot. (AP Photo/The Birmingham News, Tamika Moore) MAGS OUT

  • Poll workers Eva Prenga, right, Roxanne Blancero, center, and Carole Sevchuk try to start an optical scanner voting machine in the cold and dark at a polling station in a tent in the Midland Beach section of Staten Island, New York, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. The original polling site, a school, was damaged by Superstorm Sandy. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

  • Voters cast their ballots at a polling place inside St. Leo's Catholic Church in Baltimore on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

  • Voters pack the South Starkvile Voting Precinct trying to get their vote in before heading to work on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Starkville, Miss. (AP Photo/Kerry Smith)

  • Panika Dillion makes calls to potential voters while volunteering at the Travis County Democratic Party Coordinated Campaign Headquarters on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Tamir Kalifa)

  • Voters leave a polling place on election day on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Nashville, Tenn. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

  • Voters line up to cast ballots in the general election at Barrow County's Precinct 16 at Bethlehem Christian Academy, Tuesday morning, Nov. 6, 2012, in Bethlehem, Ga. (AP Photo/David Tulis)

  • President Barack Obama buttons at the Obama field office located on Wyoming Avenue in Scranton, Pa., on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 during Election Day. (AP Photo/Scranton Times & Tribune, Butch Comegys) WILKES BARRE TIMES-LEADER OUT; MANDATORY CREDIT

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Victor "Snake Mann" Wolder, marks his choices while voting during Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or "sovereign free association," a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • People walk with a dog toward the main entrance of a polling place at a Hoboken Fire Department firehouse on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Hoboken, N.J. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • A line forms outside a polling place as people gather to vote on Election Day Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Classical studies major Omar Dyette, from Racine, Wis., front right, mans a table outside the polls on the campus of Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Dyette volunteered with the Ohio Public Interest Research Group to register college students prior to the 2012 election. (AP Photo/Mark Duncan)

  • Noelle Connor

    Noelle Connor, a Madison, Miss., poll worker readies a sticker to apply to the lapel of finished voters at her precinct Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Local officials expressed their pleasure with the large early turnout of voters. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)

  • Susan Mardas celebrates Election Day by wearing a festive hat Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, while waiting for her mother to vote in Scarborough, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)

  • People cast their votes at the Suder Elementary School voting precinct in Jonesboro, Ga. on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Kent D. Johnson) MARIETTA DAILY OUT; GWINNETT DAILY POST OUT; LOCAL TV OUT; WXIA-TV OUT; WGCL-TV OUT

  • VIRGINIA VOTE

    Voters wait on line on Election Day at the Amtrak waiting room at Main St. Station in Richmond, Va Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Richmond Times-Dispatch, Bob Brown).

  • Amy Kobuchar

    U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar, D Minn., right, stands in line waiting to vote at Marcy School, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Minneapolis. (AP Photo/Andy King)

  • Voters wait in line at a polling place located inside a shopping mall on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)

  • Addey Munye

    Addey Munye, 67, shows off her "I Voted" sticker after she cast her ballot in her first election at a polling station in the West Acres Mall in Fargo, N.D, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Munye is originally from Somalia. (AP Photo/LM Otero)

  • Voters wait to cast a ballot at P.S. 33 in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. Voting in a the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or sovereign free association, a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • Voters check in and cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. Voting in the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)


Loading Slideshow...
  • Angie Navarro

    Que tranquilidad da escuchar a Romney... Una vez terminada la elección. Que gusto la reelección d Obama...

  • Andrea García

    Sandy dejó de ser relevante en USA porque la agenda setting del día es la reelección de Obama #ProblemasDeUnaEstudianteDeComunicaciónSocial

  • Germán García

    Los latinos, los gays y la marihuana, le dieron la reelección a Obama

  • juan cardenes

    "El liderazgo es una oportunidad de servir; no de lucirse."=reelección@Barackobama presidente 4 mas.

  • Juanjo Parcero

    más importante q la reeleccion de BO, el asunto de los matrimonios gays, la marihuana y la pena de muerte, todo a votación, veremos resultad

  • Ivan Sandoval

    La ventaja de una reeleccion es la madurez q a adquirido el Pdte durante su gobierno para encarar el proximo periodo

  • Hugo Santaromita

    Los hispanos le dieron un apoyo abrimador a Barack Obama en varios de los estados clave para obtener su reelección.

  • Pere San Jose Orgaz

    @julia_otero Un presidente de origen africano consigue la reelección en USA gracias al apoyo de los latinos. Suena bien http://t.co/Fhv1ujOE

  • Erika ♡

    EEUU y VENEZUELA tienen algo en común, la reelección de los Presidentes Chávez y Obama,lo único es que este último no hizo trampa!

  • Tania Gordillo

    Me alegra mucho la reelección de Obama, pero lo que realmente me pone feliz es la legalización de la marihuana en Colorado & Washington.

  • andres gualteros

    Obama tiene mucho trabajo y cosas por hacer, 4 años muchas veces no son suficientes. 100% de acuerdo en la reelección.

  • José Luis Velasco

    Quien lo iba a decir: el huracan Sandy ayuda a la reeleccion de Obama @Obama2012 Congratulations, Gracias al voto latino

  • Alfonso López

    RT @xosean: Afortunadamente, la "Regla de los Redskins" no funcionó, y aunque perdieron en casa, hubo reelección en EU.

  • ROSANA FRANCO

    Empire State se pinta de azul como muestra de la reelección de @BarackObama como presidente de los EEUU. #4moreyears http://t.co/JOnTusLQ

  • Andrés Pereyra

    La connotación de una reelección en latinoamérica y en EE.UU. son diametralmente opuestas.

  • Transponder 1200

    ::Cuatro Años más para Barack Obama:: #Eleccion2012 #BarackObama Barack Obama ganó la reelección según la... http://t.co/LYKTdwhX

  • Katherine Ulate

    Espero cambios y calmar las dudas que nacen en esta reelección...

  •  Mª Isabel Oduber 

    Felicidades @barackobama!!! http://t.co/Z4IfNNkP

  • Marcos Morales

    Obama se lo merece otra oportunidad ahora que cumpla con lo que dijo con la nueva reeleccion

  • Dario Klein

    Todo indica que va a ganar Obama, pero no vamos a enterarnos esta noche. Los estados clave están muy apretados. #eleccionesEEUU

¿Estás de acuerdo con la reelección de Barack Obama como Presidente de Estados Unidos?
Mira qué opinan otros y deja tu comentario aquí

Maribel Hastings es asesora ejecutiva de America's Voice
 

Seguir a Maribel Hastings en Twitter: www.twitter.com/maribelhasting

SIGUE VOCES