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¿Shalom?... ¡Inshallah! (¿Paz?... ¡Si Dios quiere!)

Publicado: 22/11/2012 12:16

israel y conflicto en medio oriente

Gaza y el territorio israelí viven las primeras horas de alto el fuego oficial entre Israel y Hamas en virtud de una tregua fraguada por Egipto y EE.UU. que pone fin a ocho días de derramamiento de sangre. 162 muertos y más de 1300 heridos es el saldo preeliminar de los violentos ataques. El conflicto se inició la semana pasada con el lanzamiento de un centenar de cohetes desde la franja hacia el sur de Israel y el bombardeo consiguiente del Ejército israelí de una decena de posiciones en Gaza. La escalada, fue considerada sumamente peligrosa, al producirse ] al tiempo de otras crisis en la región: la guerra civil en Siria, donde El Asad podía aprovechar el momento para dar un giro más a la represión, y el abierto cuestionamiento del régimen en Jordania.

La "foto de familia" al hacerse público el acuerdo, resume el álbum completo. Los grandes vencedores del cese de las hostilidades : el Pte de Egipto, Mohamed Morsi ,que sitúa a su país como una nueva corte de la diplomacia de Oriente Próximo consciente de la necesidad de colaborar con Occidente para levantar la maltrecha economía egipcia; Hillary Clinton, la Secretaria de Estado de EEUU cuya gestión es una medalla a la política del recién reelegido Pte, Barack Obama y el líder de Hamas Jaled Mashal que se rige como interlocutor válido de Palestina y es reconocido por primera vez por la diplomacia Internacional.

El gran derrotado de la tregua: el presidente de la Autoridad Nacional Palestina Abu Mazen, que ha brillado por su ausencia en la firma de este importante acuerdo entre Israel y Palestina, por primera vez, con la ausencia total de la ANP. Abás, que solo controla Cisjordania y apuesta por la no violencia, ha sido irrelevante en esta crisis, mientras veía como su rival Hamas, movimiento islamista considerado terrorista por las principales capitales occidentales, se erigía en interlocutor indirecto de Israel con una posición negociadora firme.


La paz se ha logrado.....pero por ahora.. Desde hace décadas, macera en este superpoblado territorio, un peligroso cóctel de desesperación, ocupación, reivindicaciones y religión. Un conflicto que se remonta a la fundación de Israel en 1948. Un Estado que se construyó sobre la expulsión de los palestinos después de una campaña de limpieza étnica llevada a cabo por escuadrones sionistas. El sionismo --la demanda de un "hogar" judío en Palestina-- apareció como movimiento en Europa a finales del siglo XIX como respuesta al creciente anti-Semitismo., afirmando sin pudor que Palestina era "una tierra sin pueblo para un pueblo sin tierra" cuando en esa tierra vivía un pueblo desde hacia mas de 600 años. 56.000 colonos judíos habitaban Palestina, en contraste con el millón de árabes. Una cifra más que significativa.

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  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-GAZA-CONFLICT

    Birzeit University students takes cover behind the university's sign during clashes with Israeli soldiers at the Atara checkpoint close to the university as they protest against Israel's military action on the Gaza Strip, on November 19, 2012. Israeli air strikes across the Gaza Strip killed 13 people, raising the Palestinian death toll to 90 as Israel's relentless air campaign entered its sixth day. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER - ISRAEL - NOVEMBER 19: Israeli artillery shells attack a target in the Gaza Strip on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. According to reports November 19, 2012, at least 90 Palestinians have been killed and more than 700 wounded during the Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As UN Call For Truce

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER - ISRAEL - NOVEMBER 19: Israeli artillery shells attack a target in the Gaza Strip on November 19, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. According to reports November 19, 2012, at least 90 Palestinians have been killed and more than 700 wounded during the Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

  • Palestinians hurry away from a damaged building after an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. Israel widened the range of targets in its Gaza offensive Sunday, striking more than a dozen homes of suspected Hamas militants and two media offices, according to security officials and witnesses. The attacks also damaged adjacent houses, killing seven civilians, including five children, health officials said. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Israeli Troops Continue To Gather On Border As Ceasefire Talks Are Sought

    ISRAEL/GAZA BORDER - ISRAEL - NOVEMBER 20: (ISRAEL OUT) Israeli soldiers prepare weapons and vehicles in a deployment area as the conflict between Palestine and Gaza enters its seventh day on November 20, 2012 on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip. Hamas militants and Israel are continuing talks aimed at a ceasefire as the death toll in Gaza reaches over 100 with three Israelis also having been killed by rockets fired by Palestinian militants. (Photo by Lior Mizrahi/Getty Images)

  • The sun rises as an Israeli soldier washes his teeth atop a tank that he slept on, at a staging area near the Israel Gaza Strip Border, southern Israel, early Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2012. On Tuesday, grieving Gazans were burying militants and civilians killed in ongoing Israeli airstrikes, and barrages of rockets from Gaza sent terrified Israelis scurrying to take cover. Efforts to end a week-old convulsion of Israeli-Palestinian violence drew in the world's top diplomats Tuesday, with U.S. President Barack Obama dispatching his secretary of state to the region on an emergency mission and the U.N. chief appealing from Cairo for an immediate cease-fire. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • Palestinian firefighters try to extinguish a fire on the National Islamic Bank, destroyed overnight in an Israeli strike, in Gaza City Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2012. Early Tuesday, Israeli aircraft targeted another Hamas symbol of power, battering the headquarters of the bank senior Hamas officials set up to sidestep international sanctions on the militant group's rule. (AP Photo/Ashraf Amra)

  • Smoke and fire are seen from an explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Smoke and fire are seen from an explosion by a high rise housing media organizations in Gaza City, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. It's the Israel's military second strike on the building in two days. The Hamas TV station, Al Aqsa, is located on the top floor. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Israeli soldiers lie on the ground as an Iron Dome missile is launched near the city of Ashdod, Israel, Monday Nov 19. 2012. Israeli aircraft struck crowded areas in the Gaza Strip and killed a senior militant with a missile strike on a media center Monday, driving up the Palestinian death toll to 96, as Israel broadened its targets in the 6-day-old offensive meant to quell Hamas rocket fire on Israel. (AP Photo/Moti Milrod) ISRAEL OUT

  • The dead body of a Palestinian woman from the Abdel Aal family is pulled out from the rubble after the family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighbourhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Majed Hamdan)

  • The dead body of a Palestinian woman from the Abdel Aal family is pulled out from the rubble after the family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighborhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Osama Abdel Aal is rescued after his family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighborhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • A member of the Abdel Aal family is rescued after his family house collapsed during an Israeli forces strike in the Tufah neighborhood, Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • A Palestinian woman walks past a building hit by an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Explosion and smoke rise following an Israeli strike in Gaza City, Saturday, Nov. 17, 2012. Israel bombarded the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip with more than 180 airstrikes early Saturday, the military said. The new attacks followed an unprecedented rocket strike aimed at the contested holy city of Jerusalem that raised the stakes in Israel's violent confrontation with Palestinian militants. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Smoke rises after an Israeli forces strike in Gaza City, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. The Israeli military widened its range of targets in the Gaza Strip on Sunday to include the media operations of the Palestinian territory's Hamas rulers, sending its aircraft to attack two buildings used by both Hamas and foreign media outlets. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)

  • Smoke rises following an Israeli attack on smuggling tunnels on the border between Egypt and Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, Monday, Nov. 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Eyad Baba)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

    Palestinian firefighters and rescue personnel work at a blast site following an Israeli air raid in Gaza City on November 17, 2012. Israeli air strikes hit the cabinet headquarters of Gaza's Hamas government, the group said early on November 17, with eyewitnesses reporting extensive damage to the building. AFP PHOTO/MARCO LONGARI (Photo credit should read MARCO LONGARI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • People look at a wreckage of the car in which was killed Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military wing in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • People look at a wreckage of the car in which was killed Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military wing in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • In this Sunday, March 11, 2012 file photo, a rocket is launched from the Israeli anti-missile system known as "Iron Dome" in order to intercept a rocket fired by Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip in Ashdod, Israel. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit, file)

  • Ahmed Jabari

    Palestinian security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military wing, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Ahmed Jabari

    Palestinian security forces wheel into a hospital the body of Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military wing, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Israelis soldiers run to a rocket shelter as a siren sounds signaling an attack coming from the nearby Gaza Strip in Neva settlement, near the Israel-Egypt border, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)

  • Palestinian men react at hospital after the body of Ahmed Jabari, head of the Hamas military wing, was brought, in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa)

  • Israeli soldiers and civilians run to a rocket shelter as a siren sounds signaling an attack coming from the nearby Gaza Strip in Neva settlement, near the Israel-Egypt border, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Tsafrir Abayov)

  • Columns of smoke rise following an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. Palestinian witnesses say Israeli airstrikes have hit a series of targets across Gaza City, shortly after the assassination of the top Hamas commander. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Columns of smoke rise following an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Columns of smoke rise following an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Columns of smoke rise following an Israeli air strike in Gaza City, Wednesday, Nov. 14, 2012. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

En 1947, la ONU diseñó un plan para la repartición de Palestina que entregó a los colonos sionistas el 55% del país --a pesar de representar sólo un tercio de la población y poseer el 6% de la tierra.. En marzo de 1948 milicias sionistas lanzaron una campaña de terror para apropiarse del máximo de tierras posible, llevando a cabo una limpieza étnica de mas de 750.000 personas que obligó a los palestinos a desplazarse hacia Gaza, Cisjordania y otros países sumidos en la pobreza y la opresión. Israel conquistó el resto de la Palestina histórica en 1967., mientras, Israel se quedaba con casi el 80%. Hoy la "ley de retorno" de Israel permite a cualquier descendiente de judío inmigrar hacia Israel, pero niega a los palestinos el derecho de volver a su tierra.

Como diría Michael Foucault, " No hay que dejarse seducir o aceptar críticamente los términos de un dilema. O bien se está a favor o en contra. Uno puede estar enfrente y de pie". Cada uno puede tener su opinión al respecto pero esa es la verdad histórica. La que ha llevado al pueblo de Palestina a ser escuchado y respaldado por gran parte de la Comunidad Internacional pero que en este nuevo contexto puede desdibujar o deslegitimizar sus reivindicaciones al estar representada por Hamas. Un grupo terrorista que proclama en sus propios estatutos la eliminación de Israel y la imposición de la Ley de la Sharia en todos los rincones que gobierne. Un grupo que trafica con armas y que cuenta con el potencial armamentitisco para organizar ataques a gran escala contra el estado judío.

Me asquea la posibilidad de que el ejercito Israelí, el llamado primer ejercito del mundo , pruebe sus juguetes contra la población civil dando como resultado el asesinato salvaje de seres inocentes. ... Esos "daños colaterales" en los que mujeres, ancianos y niños son decapitados o calcinados por los bombardeos indiscriminados .

Pero de igual forma, me asquea que este grupo terrorista, sitúe las lanzaderas de cohetes en edificios civiles, condenando a su propia gente,. Me parece repugnante usar los cadáveres de los niños como reclamo, cuando se ha participado en su muerte. Las causas no se ganan a través de la fuerza sino a través del dialogo. Lo de Hamas no es una Intifada, donde los palestinos se defendían y combatían al ejercito de Israel a pedradas. Este es un grupo terrorista que se ha hecho portavoz de una causa legitima y que usará todo su arsenal armamentístico para sembrar el terror.
Las causas no se ganan a través de la fuerza sino a través del dialogo. ¿Habrá posibilidades de llegar con la palabra a un cese definitivo de las hostilidades? ...Inshallah ....

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