Alejandro Romero Gaeta

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Barack Obama: sin tiempo para festejos

Publicado: 07/11/2012 09:01

barack obama

Han transcurrido las primeras horas del miércoles 7 de noviembre y oficialmente Barack Obama inicia su segunda etapa como Presidente de los Estados Unidos al superar en una competencia por demás reñida a su contrincante, Mitt Romney, del Partido Republicano.

Sin entrar en demasiados detalles, pues ya habrá más oportunidades para desmenuzar todo lo que esta elección deja para la historia, lo que puedo comentar es que en México, para la mayoría de la población, incluso la que vive en la franja fronteriza, el proceso electoral en Estados Unidos fue una nota más de todos los días.

Al darse el anuncio de la victoria de Obama la noche del martes, la sociedad mexicana reaccionó con simpatía ante la noticia de la reelección, sobre todo en redes sociales. Muchos mexicanos, quizá miles, experimentaron una especie de triunfo pírrico con un candidato que representaba esperanza para las minorías, lo cual se anhela en México.

Por algunas horas, los televidentes, los lectores y los usuarios de internet en México que estaban atentos a este tema, sintieron un poco de "envidia" de la manera en la que se decidió la contienda presidencial norteamericana, nada comparada con el actuar de candidatos, partidos e instituciones electorales en el proceso que recién concluyó el 2 de julio pasado con el triunfo del priísta Enrique Peña Nieto.

En la contienda estadounidense no surgieron, por lo menos en su mayoría, encuestas marcando tendencias inexistentes, fueron más bien instrumentos estadísticos que adelantaron con gran precisión el resultado final. No hubo tampoco medios de comunicación que ocultaran sus tendencias bajo la cada vez más desgastada bandera de la imparcialidad.

En su momento La Opinión de Los Angeles y el New York Times por mencionar solo algunos, dieron su apoyo a Barack Obama y nadie hizo un drama de ello; en México muchos Medios apoyan también a sus candidatos pero lo hacen en "lo oscurito", por debajo de la ley electoral y aparentando ante sus seguidores que no se inclinan por nadie, aunque en la práctica la situación sea muy distinta.

Los electores en Estados Unidos tuvieron también debates con muchas mejores condiciones para serlo, tanto para los aspirantes presidenciales como para la vicepresidencia; aquí el Colegio Electoral de Estados Unidos no contrató a una modelo de Playboy para repartirle las preguntas a Obama y Romney en cadena nacional. Ni se les encasilló en un formato como el mexicano más orientado a proteger a los candidatos que a debatir los temas relevancia nacional.

Pero más allá del humor negro y la ironía que pueden despertar las comparaciones entre la política de ambos países, lo cierto es que existen condiciones comunes y temas que requieren sin duda de una definición absoluta.

Hace unos meses escribí sobre la urgencia de México para realizar cambios estructurales en áreas de desarrollo como la política, la economía y la educación, hoy esta idea parece aplicar para Estados Unidos que no tiene tiempo para festejos, su deuda crece de manera impresionante, el desempleo sigue afectando gravemente el crecimiento y a ello le podemos agregar el compromiso presidencial y no cumplido de lograr una verdadera reforma migratoria para la comunidad hispana.

Para México y para todo el mundo, es muy importante que el Presidente Obama tome decisiones responsables con respecto a su economía, porque lo que sucede en Estados Unidos afecta directamente a la economía mexicana.

En el aspecto de seguridad, el gobierno estadounidense tendrá que reevaluar el grado de confianza que le pueda conferir al nuevo Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto, no tanto por un asunto personal, sino por las relaciones que rodean al PRI, a varios de sus ex gobernadores, y a que precisamente, de nuevo el PRI no tiene nada, es el mismo de hace 30 años o más, lo que podría significar un periodo de ajuste en tanto Peña Nieto defina claramente cuál será su política de seguridad pública en el sexenio.

Para la zona fronteriza sin duda los temas son lograr un esquema de frontera segura que agilice las relaciones comerciales, y obtener el compromiso de Estados Unidos para regular con mayor severidad la venta indiscriminada de armas en la franja sur de la unión americana, las cuales llegan sin dificultad a manos de delincuentes y narcotraficantes, con la complicidad de elementos en las aduanas mexicanas.

Y por último, y no menos importante, la posibilidad de una reforma migratoria o un esquema en el que la mano de obra mexicana pueda aportar de manera legal al sostenimiento de la economía de ambos países.

Lamentablemente mientras siga el apoyo para personajes como Joe Arpaio en Arizona, mientras sigan surgiendo iniciativas encaminadas a lastimar a la comunidad hispana en Estados Unidos, será muy complicado pensar en una reforma migratoria profunda, sin embargo tal y como sucede en México, los políticos republicanos y demócratas tendrían que demostrar voluntad para generar cambios, no porque les agrade la idea, sino simplemente porque a Estados Unidos también se le está acabando el tiempo.

O se actúa ya o los fantasmas españoles, mexicanos o griegos, serán como un reflejo de la economía estadounidense, o lo que sobreviva de ella. En pocas palabras... Barack Obama debe dejar el festejo para mejor ocasión.

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  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama watches as first lady Michelle Obama gives a thumbs up at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama, Michelle Obama, Jill Biden Joe Biden

    President Barack Obama, first lady Michelle Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Jill Biden acknowledge the crowd at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • President Barack Obama , joined by his wife Michelle, Vice President Joe Biden and his spouse Jill acknowledge applause after Obama delivered his victory speech to supporters gathered in Chicago early Wednesday Nov. 7 2012. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)

  • Barack Obama

    President Barack Obama waves to his supporters after his speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. At right is Vice President Joe Biden. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • Joe Biden, Jill Biden

    Vice President Joe Biden and his wife Jill Biden wave to the supporters after President Barack Obama's speech at his election night party Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Chicago. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks out on stage to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

  • President Obama Holds Election Night Event In Chicago

    CHICAGO, IL - NOVEMBER 06: U.S. President Barack Obama walks on stage with first lady Michelle Obama and daughters Sasha and Malia to deliver his victory speech on election night at McCormick Place November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. Obama won reelection against Republican candidate, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney. (Photo by Win McNamee/Getty Images)

  • Mitt Romney

    Republican presidential candidate and former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney arrives to his election night rally, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012, in Boston. President Obama defeated Republican challenger former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

  • Japanese high-school students celebrate reports that President Barack Obama won the U.S. presidential election at the U.S. Embassy in Tokyo Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Itsuo Inouye)

  • Kelly Rodgers, 18, of Philadelphia, holds a sign saying "We Will Barack You" as people celebrate outside of the White House after President Barack Obama won re-election against Mitt Romney in the presidential election on Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin)

  • People react after they learn President Obama has won at Democratic headquarters in Portland, Ore., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012.(AP Photo/Don Ryan)

  • Supporters react as the watch televised reports projecting President Obama as the winner during a Democratic Party election party, Tuesday Nov. 6, 2012, in Salt Lake City, Utah. (AP Photo/The Salt Lake Tribune, Trent Nelson) LOCAL TV OUT; MAGS OUT; DESERET NEWS OUT

  • Obama 2012

    President Barack Obama supporters celebrate televised reports of his projected re-election for president of the United States during a rally at M&T Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Md., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

  • A supporter of President Barack Obama reacts to positive predictions for her candidate as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Barack Obama

    Supporters cheer as a network projects the re-election of President Barack Obama at his election night party Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Barack Obama

    A supporter reacts to election results at the election night party for President Barack Obama Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)

  • US-VOTE-2012-ELECTION-OBAMA

    Supporters of US President Barack Obama react to results on election night November 6, 2012 in Chicago, Illinois. AFP PHOTO / Robyn Beck (Photo credit should read ROBYN BECK/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Cean Orrett, 45, center, and Gareth Edmondson-Jones, 46, of San Diago, both recently married in New York, react to positive predictions for President Barack Obama as crowds watch election results in Times Square, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. After a year of campaigning, polls have begun to close after Americans across the United States headed to the polls to decide the winner of the tight presidential race between President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • ITALY-US-VOTE-2012

    A supporter of US President Barack Obama attends the US election night party in Milan on November 7, 2012 . AFP PHOTO / GIUSEPPE CACACE (Photo credit should read GIUSEPPE CACACE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Guests look at early projections for votes for the President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney during the Presidential Election party at the U.S. Embassy in London, Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

  • Voters wait in line near the Irondale Senior Citizens' Center, near Birmingham, Ala., Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Even though polls had closed for the 2012 general election, nearly 1,000 stood in a line that wrapped around nearby streets to cast their ballot. (AP Photo/The Birmingham News, Tamika Moore) MAGS OUT

  • Poll workers Eva Prenga, right, Roxanne Blancero, center, and Carole Sevchuk try to start an optical scanner voting machine in the cold and dark at a polling station in a tent in the Midland Beach section of Staten Island, New York, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. The original polling site, a school, was damaged by Superstorm Sandy. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)

  • Voters cast their ballots at a polling place inside St. Leo's Catholic Church in Baltimore on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky)

  • Voters pack the South Starkvile Voting Precinct trying to get their vote in before heading to work on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Starkville, Miss. (AP Photo/Kerry Smith)

  • Panika Dillion makes calls to potential voters while volunteering at the Travis County Democratic Party Coordinated Campaign Headquarters on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Tamir Kalifa)

  • Voters leave a polling place on election day on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Nashville, Tenn. After a grinding presidential campaign President Barack Obama and Republican presidential candidate, former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, yield center stage to American voters Tuesday for an Election Day choice that will frame the contours of government and the nation for years to come. (AP Photo/Mark Humphrey)

  • Voters line up to cast ballots in the general election at Barrow County's Precinct 16 at Bethlehem Christian Academy, Tuesday morning, Nov. 6, 2012, in Bethlehem, Ga. (AP Photo/David Tulis)

  • President Barack Obama buttons at the Obama field office located on Wyoming Avenue in Scranton, Pa., on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 during Election Day. (AP Photo/Scranton Times & Tribune, Butch Comegys) WILKES BARRE TIMES-LEADER OUT; MANDATORY CREDIT

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)

  • Victor "Snake Mann" Wolder, marks his choices while voting during Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or "sovereign free association," a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • People walk with a dog toward the main entrance of a polling place at a Hoboken Fire Department firehouse on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Hoboken, N.J. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez)

  • A line forms outside a polling place as people gather to vote on Election Day Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/Julie Jacobson)

  • Classical studies major Omar Dyette, from Racine, Wis., front right, mans a table outside the polls on the campus of Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio on Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Dyette volunteered with the Ohio Public Interest Research Group to register college students prior to the 2012 election. (AP Photo/Mark Duncan)

  • Noelle Connor

    Noelle Connor, a Madison, Miss., poll worker readies a sticker to apply to the lapel of finished voters at her precinct Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Local officials expressed their pleasure with the large early turnout of voters. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)

  • Susan Mardas celebrates Election Day by wearing a festive hat Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, while waiting for her mother to vote in Scarborough, Maine. (AP Photo/Robert F. Bukaty)

  • People cast their votes at the Suder Elementary School voting precinct in Jonesboro, Ga. on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Kent D. Johnson) MARIETTA DAILY OUT; GWINNETT DAILY POST OUT; LOCAL TV OUT; WXIA-TV OUT; WGCL-TV OUT

  • VIRGINIA VOTE

    Voters wait on line on Election Day at the Amtrak waiting room at Main St. Station in Richmond, Va Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. (AP Photo/Richmond Times-Dispatch, Bob Brown).

  • Amy Kobuchar

    U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar, D Minn., right, stands in line waiting to vote at Marcy School, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012 in Minneapolis. (AP Photo/Andy King)

  • Voters wait in line at a polling place located inside a shopping mall on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in Austin, Texas. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)

  • Addey Munye

    Addey Munye, 67, shows off her "I Voted" sticker after she cast her ballot in her first election at a polling station in the West Acres Mall in Fargo, N.D, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Munye is originally from Somalia. (AP Photo/LM Otero)

  • Voters wait to cast a ballot at P.S. 33 in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in New York. Voting in a the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/ John Minchillo)

  • Voters wait in line to cast their ballots at a polling station in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012. Puerto Ricans are electing a governor as the U.S. island territory does not get a vote in the U.S. presidential election. But they are also casting ballots in a referendum that asks voters if they want to change the relationship to the United States. A second question gives voters three alternatives: become the 51st U.S. state, independence, or sovereign free association, a designation that would give more autonomy. (AP Photo/Ricardo Arduengo)

  • Voters check in and cast their ballots under a tent at a consolidated polling station for residents of the Rockaways on Election Day, Tuesday, Nov. 6, 2012, in the Queens borough of New York. Voting in the U.S. presidential election was the latest challenge for the hundreds of thousands of people in the New York-New Jersey area still affected by Superstorm Sandy, as they struggled to get to non-damaged polling places to cast their ballots in one of the tightest elections in recent history. (AP Photo/Jason DeCrow)


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  • Angie Navarro

    Que tranquilidad da escuchar a Romney... Una vez terminada la elección. Que gusto la reelección d Obama...

  • Andrea García

    Sandy dejó de ser relevante en USA porque la agenda setting del día es la reelección de Obama #ProblemasDeUnaEstudianteDeComunicaciónSocial

  • Germán García

    Los latinos, los gays y la marihuana, le dieron la reelección a Obama

  • juan cardenes

    "El liderazgo es una oportunidad de servir; no de lucirse."=reelección@Barackobama presidente 4 mas.

  • Juanjo Parcero

    más importante q la reeleccion de BO, el asunto de los matrimonios gays, la marihuana y la pena de muerte, todo a votación, veremos resultad

  • Ivan Sandoval

    La ventaja de una reeleccion es la madurez q a adquirido el Pdte durante su gobierno para encarar el proximo periodo

  • Hugo Santaromita

    Los hispanos le dieron un apoyo abrimador a Barack Obama en varios de los estados clave para obtener su reelección.

  • Pere San Jose Orgaz

    @julia_otero Un presidente de origen africano consigue la reelección en USA gracias al apoyo de los latinos. Suena bien http://t.co/Fhv1ujOE

  • Erika ♡

    EEUU y VENEZUELA tienen algo en común, la reelección de los Presidentes Chávez y Obama,lo único es que este último no hizo trampa!

  • Tania Gordillo

    Me alegra mucho la reelección de Obama, pero lo que realmente me pone feliz es la legalización de la marihuana en Colorado & Washington.

  • andres gualteros

    Obama tiene mucho trabajo y cosas por hacer, 4 años muchas veces no son suficientes. 100% de acuerdo en la reelección.

  • José Luis Velasco

    Quien lo iba a decir: el huracan Sandy ayuda a la reeleccion de Obama @Obama2012 Congratulations, Gracias al voto latino

  • Alfonso López

    RT @xosean: Afortunadamente, la "Regla de los Redskins" no funcionó, y aunque perdieron en casa, hubo reelección en EU.

  • ROSANA FRANCO

    Empire State se pinta de azul como muestra de la reelección de @BarackObama como presidente de los EEUU. #4moreyears http://t.co/JOnTusLQ

  • Andrés Pereyra

    La connotación de una reelección en latinoamérica y en EE.UU. son diametralmente opuestas.

  • Transponder 1200

    ::Cuatro Años más para Barack Obama:: #Eleccion2012 #BarackObama Barack Obama ganó la reelección según la... http://t.co/LYKTdwhX

  • Katherine Ulate

    Espero cambios y calmar las dudas que nacen en esta reelección...

  •  Mª Isabel Oduber 

    Felicidades @barackobama!!! http://t.co/Z4IfNNkP

  • Marcos Morales

    Obama se lo merece otra oportunidad ahora que cumpla con lo que dijo con la nueva reeleccion

  • Dario Klein

    Todo indica que va a ganar Obama, pero no vamos a enterarnos esta noche. Los estados clave están muy apretados. #eleccionesEEUU

Encuesta

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