En lo que marca una decisión histórica, la Corte Suprema de Estados Unidos echó por tierra la Ley de Defensa del Matrimonio (DOMA, por sus siglas en inglés) y ahora matrimonios gay, casados legalmente, podrán recibir beneficios federales.

La ley, hasta el momento, consideraba y aceptaba como matrimonio a nivel federal la unión de un hombre y una mujer.

Desde 1996 no se reconocía a nivel federal el matrimonio de dos personas del mismo sexo.

El presidente Barack Obama calificó de "histórico" el fallo de la Corte Suprema en su cuenta de Twitter:

Con esta decisión del Supremo en un voto de 5 a 4, se abre un nuevo capítulo en relación con los derechos para parejas gay. La votación de los magistrados no sólo impacta lo que en un futuro puede ser una perspectiva diferente en torno a un nuevo "estado civil" para parejas del mismo sexo, sino da luz verde en el socorrido debate en torno a los principios de la igualdad para todos, promulgados desde la Constitución de Estados Unidos.

Wilson Cruz, portavoz de la organización GLAAD, dijo que se ha llegado a un importante logro para la comunidad LGBT en Estados Unidos.

"Por fin, a los matrimonios legalmente contraídos por innumerables parejas gays y lesbianas se les dará el mismo reconocimiento federal y protecciones que a los de cualquier otra [...] En este día se marcó un hito para la justicia e igualdad en este país, dando un paso más cerca hacia el reconocimiento y celebración de todos los estadounidenses LGBT por sus aportes a nuestro gran país."

En otro hecho relevante, la Corte Suprema falló también en contra de la Proposición 8 de California, que no permitía que las parejas gay contraigan matrimonio en California. Las escalinatas del tribunal en Los Ángeles estuvo desde las primeras horas de esta mañana con miembros de la comunidad gay y lésbica, quienes aguardaban ansiosos la votación.

En febrero del 2012, una corte de apelaciones en California declaró como inconstitucional la Proposición 8 y la Corte Suprema recibe la petición en julio del 2012 de revisar el caso.

Esta histórica decisión ocurre en el mes de la celebración del orgullo gay.

Contrariamente a la costumbre histórica de dar a conocer sus veredictos los lunes de cada semana de junio, la Corte Suprema de Justicia dejó para este miércoles el anuncio de su decisión sobre la validez de los matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo en Estados Unidos.

La ley de Defensa del Matrimonio (DOMA, por sus siglas en inglés), que promulgara el presidente Bill Clinton en 1996, estipula que sólo se pueden acoger a beneficios federales aquellas parejas integradas por un hombre y una mujer bajo los efectos de matrimonio.

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  • Michael Knaapen, John Becker

    Michael Knaapen, left, and his husband John Becker, right, embrace outside the Supreme Court in Washington, Wednesday, June 26, 2013 after the court struck down a federal provision denying benefits to legally married gay couples. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak)

  • John Lewis, left, and his partner Stuart Gaffney embrace as they react next to Andrea Shorter after the Supreme Court decision at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. The Supreme Court on Wednesday struck down a provision of a U.S. law denying federal benefits to married gay couples and cleared the way for the resumption of same-sex marriage in the state of California. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Phyllis Lyon, facing, hugs attorney Kate Kendall after the Supreme Court decision clearing the way for same-sex marriage in California, at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. Lyon and her late partner Del Martin became the first officially married same sex couple in California after the state's Supreme Court declared gay marriage legal in 2008. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • John Lewis, left, gets a kiss from his partner Stuart Gaffney as they embrace after the Supreme Court cleared the way for same-sex marriage in California at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Same sex couple Lisa Kirk, left, and Lena Brancatelli, right, react to the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on gay marriage in California Wednesday, June 26, 2013 at their home in San Jose, Calif. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)

  • Same sex couple Lisa Kirk, left, and Lena Brancatelli, right, cry while reacting to the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on gay marriage in California, Wednesday, June 26, 2013 at their home in San Jose, Calif. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)

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  • Kris Perry, Sandy Stier, Jeff Zarrillo, Paul Katami

    From left, Kris Perry, Sandy Stier of Berkeley, Calif., and Jeff Zarrillo and Paul Katami of Burbank, Calif., arrive to visit the National Archives in Washington, Monday, March 25, 2013, to view the U.S. Constitution, a day before their same-sex marriage case is heard before the Supreme Court. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

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