La Proposición 8 de California ya no existe, al rechazar la Suprema Corte de Justicia una apelación a una decisión de un tribunal inferior de declararla inconstitucional. Este es el corolario de un día que ya es considerado histórico por la decisión del máximo tribunal del país de anular partes del Acta del Defensa del Matrimonio (DOMA, por sus siglas en inglés) y establecer que impedir que parejas gay no puedan contraer matrimonio es inconstitucional.

A partir de hoy, la decisión de los magistrados restablecerá el derecho al matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo en California.

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La Proposición 8, que fue declarada inconstitucional por la Corte del Distrito Federal en 2010 y el Tribunal de Apelaciones del Noveno Circuito en California. fue aprobada en noviembre del 2008 por el 53 por ciento de los votantes y dictaminaba que sólo se reconocía el matrimonio entre un hombre y una mujer.

A su vez, la Proposición 8 era una reacción a una decisión judicial que determinaba que personas del mismo sexo podían contraer matrimonio.

Los magistrados no se ocuparon de los méritos intrínsecos de la Proposición, sino que simplemente dictaminaron que quienes estaban apelando ante ellos - el grupo de activistas antigay que fueron autores de la medida - carecían del derecho a representar el caso, en inglés "standing" ya que no eran ni gobierno ni personas personalmente implicadas por la medida.

Cinco jueces votaron por la decisión que finalmente dejó anulada la Proposición 8, una extraña y sin precedentes coalición del Presidente de la Suprema Corte John Roberts, el archiconservador Anthonin Scalia, y las tres mujeres - todas liberales - del grupo, Sonia Sotomayor, Ruth Bader Ginsburg y Elena Kagan.

Wilson Cruz, vocero de la organización GLAAD, que defiende los derechos de las personas LGBT, expresó su satisfacción por el voto en contra de la Proposición 8:

"La justicia ha sido finalmente restaurada en California, la mayoría de los estadounidenses, y ahora el Tribunal más alto del país, están de acuerdo en que es un error privar a las parejas de gays y lesbianas amorosas y con un compromiso serio de la oportunidad fundamental de casarse con la persona que amas. Hoy en día, nos solidarizamos con los millones de californianos, que por fin podrán dar el 'sí, quiero' a la persona que aman", enfatizó Cruz.

Por su parte, la ley federal conocida como el Acta del Defensa del Matrimonio, en la que la Corte anuló su principal inciso, negaba a parejas del mismo sexo que están casadas legalmente en sus propios estados beneficios federales como el Seguro Social, beneficios de veteranos, seguro de salud y ahorros de jubilación, un total de 1,000 distintos y posibles beneficios.

Uno de los casos más representativos fue el el de Edith Windsor, la mujer que demandó al gobierno federal tras encontrarse en una encrucijada de tener que pagar los impuestos de propiedad después del fallecimiento de su esposa, Thea Spyer. Otros al igual que Windsor, según ha confirmado la organización GLAAD, se encuentran en similar situación y sin una ley que los ampare.

Hasta el momento los estados del país que permitían el matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo eran: Connecticut, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Nueva York, Vermont, Washington y el Distrito de Columbia. Ahora se reintegra el estado de California, el más poblado del país, en donde los matrimonios gay fueron legales por breves meses durante los cuales miles de parejas del mismo sexo se casaron.

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  • Kevin Coyne

    Kevin Coyne of Washington holds flags in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, Wednesday, March 27, 2013. The U.S. Supreme Court, in the second day of gay marriage cases, turned Wednesday to a constitutional challenge to the federal law that prevents legally married gay Americans from collecting federal benefits generally available to straight married couples. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

  • Kevin Coyne

    Kevin Coyne of Washington holds flags in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, Wednesday, March 27, 2013. The U.S. Supreme Court, in the second day of gay marriage cases, turned Wednesday to a constitutional challenge to the federal law that prevents legally married gay Americans from collecting federal benefits generally available to straight married couples. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

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  • Michael Knaapen, John Becker

    Michael Knaapen, left, and his husband John Becker, right, embrace outside the Supreme Court in Washington, Wednesday, June 26, 2013 after the court struck down a federal provision denying benefits to legally married gay couples. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak)

  • John Lewis, left, and his partner Stuart Gaffney embrace as they react next to Andrea Shorter after the Supreme Court decision at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. The Supreme Court on Wednesday struck down a provision of a U.S. law denying federal benefits to married gay couples and cleared the way for the resumption of same-sex marriage in the state of California. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Phyllis Lyon, facing, hugs attorney Kate Kendall after the Supreme Court decision clearing the way for same-sex marriage in California, at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. Lyon and her late partner Del Martin became the first officially married same sex couple in California after the state's Supreme Court declared gay marriage legal in 2008. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • John Lewis, left, gets a kiss from his partner Stuart Gaffney as they embrace after the Supreme Court cleared the way for same-sex marriage in California at the office of San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee at City Hall in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 26, 2013. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Same sex couple Lisa Kirk, left, and Lena Brancatelli, right, react to the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on gay marriage in California Wednesday, June 26, 2013 at their home in San Jose, Calif. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)

  • Same sex couple Lisa Kirk, left, and Lena Brancatelli, right, cry while reacting to the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on gay marriage in California, Wednesday, June 26, 2013 at their home in San Jose, Calif. The justices issued two 5-4 rulings in their final session of the term. One decision wiped away part of a federal anti-gay marriage law that has kept legally married same-sex couples from receiving tax, health and pension benefits. The other was a technical legal ruling that said nothing at all about same-sex marriage, but left in place a trial court's declaration that California's Proposition 8 is unconstitutional. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)