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MÉXICO, D.F.— La pequeña computadora luce nuevecita frente a los ojos de José Luis Sánchez que la mira con recelo. Está a punto de cambiar una relación de 71 años por curiosidad de un buen arreglo: una "tablet" por la escopeta que tiene en sus manos desde que ni siquiera podía soportar el peso.

Cierra sus ojos azules, titubea antes de extender la mano al oficial Hernández, el armero de la Secretaría de Seguridad Publica del Distrito Federal que se encuentra desde hace dos semanas en el atrio de la parroquia de San Miguel Arcángel, ubicada en un barrio de clase media de la capital mexicana.

"Me la regaló mi padre cuando tenía siete años, pero aquí está".

Unos metros adelante, frente a un crucifijo de madera de unos dos metros de altura, Rosalía "R" mira de reojo su pistola calibre 22 que llevaba consigo desde años atrás cuando su hijo era bebé, estaba sola y tenía miedo, pero con el tiempo se volvió "una carga" ante el temor de un accidente con su muchacho adolescente.

Un soldado de acerca, se la lleva en una mano. A tres metros de distancia, prende un soplete sobre una mesa de herrería y brincan unas chispas: el indicador de que el arma es destruida.

Es el último paso de la campaña "Por tu familia, Desarme Voluntario" en la Ciudad de México que comenzó el pasado 24 de diciembre y por primera vez involucra a la Iglesia Católica.

La entrega de más de 3,500 armas –a un ritmo de 100 diarias- ha sorprendido a las autoridades que durante siete años buscaron la mejor vía de convencer a la ciudadanía para desarmarse ante la creciente violencia del país y su uso festivo.

El pasado 13 de noviembre, un niño de 10 años murió mientras veía una película en el cine por una bala perdida que, según la policía local, procedía de una fiesta patronal donde los asistentes acostumbraban lanzar tiros al aire.

"Al principio sólo dábamos despensas con alimentos, pero la idea de involucrar a la iglesia en el desarme ha sido todo un éxito, la ciudadanía tiene más confianza", reconoce Rosa Icela Rodríguez, secretaria de Desarrollo Social en el DF.

"No les preguntamos nombre, ni antecedentes, ni nada para que no sientan que se les puede perseguir", aclara Rodríguez.

La nueva estrategia echa mano también de dinero y los electrónicos: se paga una parte en efectivo (hasta 650 dólares), otra con computadoras, con despensas y electrónicos varios que dona cada una de las 16 delegaciones de la ciudad .

En los centros de acopio en las iglesias opera un equipo de policías locales, militares y trabajadores sociales. A la par, los sacerdotes de las respectivas parroquias enfocan sus sermones al desarme por la paz.

"Conozco al cura, soy vecina, y además está aquí gente del Ejército, ¿qué me puede pasar?", dijo Rosalía R, la mujer que entregó su .22 y cuya procedencia se reserva.

La Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos -que data de 1972- sanciona con prisión de uno a siete años y de veinte a cien días multa (entre cinco y 60 dólares), cuando se trate de las armas para el uso exclusivo de las fuerzas armadas.

Es el caso de revólveres calibre .357 magnum y los superiores a .38 especial, así como pistolas calibre 9 mm. Parabellum, Luger y similares, las .38 Super y Comando, y las de grosores superiores.

Para defensa personal autoriza diámetros menores siempre y cuando el arma no salga del domicilio. El permiso para portación puede tardar hasta dos años y la decisión final queda a criterio de las Fuerzas Armadas.

Este trámite burocrático limita su registro y revela cifras conservadoras sobre el número de mexicanos armados. La Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional cuenta 2,300,000 personas; en Estados Unidos, el número asciende a 283 millones, según el centro Brady contra la Violencia de las Armas.

La información que ha recopilado el gobierno del DF entre las personas que asisten al desarme voluntario revela que una de cada tres ciudadanos conoce a otra gente que tiene en su poder un arma.

El equipo del programa Por Tu Familia, Desarme Voluntario está "sorprendido" por lo que la gente tiene en su poder: recientemente alguien llegó con 15 kilos de dinamita en 14 barras. Otro día, un menonita entregó 19 armas largas y cortas por las que recibió seis tablets, seis despensas de alimentos y alrededor de 900 dólares.

El abuelo José Luis Sánchez, quien entregó el arma de su padre, se llevó una tablet, 100 dólares y una despensa que desempaca con cuidado de la caja de cartón que le entregan a lado del atrio.

Chocolates en barra, arroz, pasta, frijoles, cereal, alubias y el azúcar quedan al fondo de una bolsa de "mandado"; la "tablet", hasta arriba. "Ya no voy de cacería, pero a ver qué encuentro en este aparato", comenta antes de abordar un taxi que lo llevará a su casa, ya pensará si entregara otras armas de su colección.

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  • Faithful pray in Castel Gandolfo's San Tommaso da Villanova church after Pope Benedict XVI blessed the crowd from the window of the Pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Robert Zollitsch

    Archbishop Robert Zollitsch, head of the German Bishops' Conference, right, holds his sermon during a thanksgiving service for outgoing pope Benedict XVI. at the St. Hedwig cathedral in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. At 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)

  • Benedict XVI

    Pope Benedict XVI waves from the balcony window of the Pontifical summer residence in Castel Gandolfo, some 35 kilometers south of Rome, to a cheering crowd gathered to see him the day he ends his pontificate, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Faithful sing as they wait for Pope Benedict's XVI departure in St. Peter's Square, at the Vatican,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. The 85-year-old German Pope Benedict is stepping down on Thursday evening, the first pope to do so in 600 years, after saying he no longer has the mental or physical strength to vigorously lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

  • Faithful sing as they wait Pope Benedict's XVI departure in St. Peter's Square, at the Vatican,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. The 85-year-old German Pope Benedict is stepping down on Thursday evening, the first pope to do so in 600 years, after saying he no longer has the mental or physical strength to vigorously lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

  • Nuns wave to a helicopter with Pope Benedict XVI onboard in St. Peter's Square, at the Vatican,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. The 85-year-old German Pope Benedict is stepping down on Thursday evening, the first pope to do so in 600 years, after saying he no longer has the mental or physical strength to vigorously lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

  • Pope Benedict XVI greets the crowd from the window of the Pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Vatican employees take down Pope Benedict XVI's crest turns after he greeted the crowd from the window of the his summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)

  • Pope Benedict XVI turns away after greeting the crowd from the window of the Pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)

  • Pope Benedict XVI walks away after addressing the crowd from the window of the Pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Pope Benedict XVI blesses the crowd from the window of the Pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and make his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)

  • Faithful carry a banner in German reading "Thank You" as they watch a giant screen showing Pope Benedict XVI, at the Vatican,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. The 85-year-old German Pope Benedict is stepping down on Thursday evening, the first pope to do so in 600 years, after saying he no longer has the mental or physical strength to vigorously lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

  • Norbert Lammert, Horst Seehofer, Angela Merkel

    Bavarian state governor Horst Seehofer, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and President of the German Federal Parliament, Bundestag, Norbert Lammert, bottom from left, attend a thanksgiving service for outgoing pope Benedict XVI. at the St. Hedwig cathedral in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. At 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)

  • In this photo taken with a fisheye lens, faithfuls gather during a thanksgiving service for outgoing pope Benedict XVI. at the St. Hedwig cathedral in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. At 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)

  • FILE- In this Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo. a general view of the gardens of pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Robert Zollitsch

    Archbishop Robert Zollitsch, head of the German Bishops' Conference, celebrates a thanksgiving service for outgoing pope Benedict XVI. at the St. Hedwig cathedral in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. At 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)

  • FILE- In this Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo, a view of the garden of pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome.. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • In this photo taken with a fisheye lens, faithfuls gather during a thanksgiving service for outgoing pope Benedict XVI. at the St. Hedwig cathedral in Berlin, Germany, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. At 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gero Breloer)

  • FILE- This Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo, shows a view of the hall ofthe pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • FILE - In this Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo, pictures of Pope Benedict XVI are seen at a newsstand outside the pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • FILE - In this , Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo, Pierpoalo Turoli, responsible for pope's residences, opens a window of the pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • FILE - In this Wednesday, Feb. 20, 2013, file photo, a view of a grotto inside the pope's summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, in the town of Castelgandolfo, south of Rome. Immediately after his resignation on Feb. 28, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI will spend some time at the papal summer retreat in Castel Gandolfo, overlooking Lake Albano in the hills south of Rome where he has spent his summer vacations reading and writing. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI leaves after greetings faithful from the balcony window of the papal summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and made his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Pope Benedict XVI greets faithful from his summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and made his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Pope Benedict XVI leaves after greeting faithful from the balcony window of the papal summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and made his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Pope Benedict XVI leaves after greetings faithful from his summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, the scenic town where he will spend his first post-Vatican days and made his last public blessing as pope,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Faithful watch a giant screen showing Pope Benedict XVI in St. Peter's Square, at the Vatican,Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. The 85-year-old German Pope Benedict is stepping down on Thursday evening, the first pope to do so in 600 years, after saying he no longer has the mental or physical strength to vigorously lead the world's 1.2 billion Catholics. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky)

  • Benedict XVI

    Pope Benedict XVI salutes a cheering crowd gathered to see him from the balcony window of the pontifical summer residence of Castel Gandolfo, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013, before he officially ends his pontificate a few hours later. (AP Photo/Domenico Stinellis)

  • Pope Benedict XVI

    In this image taken from video, Pope Benedict XVI delivers his final message to the assembly of cardinals at the Vatican Thursday Feb. 28, 2013, before he retires in just a few hours. Benedict urged the cardinals to work in unity and promised his "unconditional reverence and obedience" to his successor in a poignant and powerful farewell before he becomes the first pope in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Vatican TV)

  • A poster of Pope Benedict XVI with writing reading in Italian," You will stay always with us. Thank you" is seen near Rome's Capitol Hill, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. Shortly before 5 p.m. on Thursday, Benedict will leave the Apostolic palace inside the Vatican for the last time as pontiff, head to the helipad at the top of the hill in the Vatican gardens and fly to the papal retreat at Castel Gandolfo south of Rome. There, at 8 p.m. sharp, Benedict will become the first pontiff in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Benedict XVI

    RECROP OF VAT103. In this photo provided by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI delivers his message on the occasion of his farewell meeting to cardinals, at the Vatican, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. Benedict XVI promised his "unconditional reverence and obedience" to his successor in his final words to his cardinals Thursday, a poignant farewell before he becomes the first pope in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • Benedict XVI

    In this photo provided by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI delivers his message on the occasion of his farewell meeting to cardinals, at the Vatican, Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013. Benedict XVI promised his "unconditional reverence and obedience" to his successor in his final words to his cardinals Thursday, a poignant farewell before he becomes the first pope in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/L'Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • Pope Benedict XVI

    In this image taken from video as Pope Benedict XVI deliveres his final greetings to the assembly of cardinals at the Vatican Thursday Feb. 28, 2013, before he retires in just a few hours. Benedict urged the cardinals to work in unity and promised his "unconditional reverence and obedience" to his successor in his final words to his cardinals Thursday in a poignant and powerful farewell before he becomes the first pope in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Vatican TV)

  • Pope Benedict XVI

    FILE - This Nov. 23, 2007 file photo shows Pope Benedict XVI leading a session of prayer and reflection with the College of Cardinals, at the Vatican. Pope Benedict XVI promised his "unconditional reverence and obedience" to his successor in his final words to his cardinals Thursday, Feb. 28, 2013, a poignant farewell before he becomes the first pope in 600 years to resign. (AP Photo/Christophe Simon, pool, file)

  • Commemorative plates and mugs of Pope Benedict XVI, left, Filipino Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle, center, and the late Pope John Paul II, are displayed at a restaurant in Manila, Philippines Thursday Feb. 28, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI formally resigns Thursday, the first pope to abdicate the papacy in 600 years. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

  • Filipino Roman Catholic devotee Betty Abainza shops for posters of resigning Pope Benedict XVI at a religious store in Manila, Philippines Thursday Feb. 28, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI formally resigns Thursday, the first pope to abdicate the papacy in 600 years. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

  • A Filipino salesclerk checks the price of posters, including that of Pope Benedict XVI, at a religious store in Manila, Philippines Thursday Feb. 28, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI formally resigns Thursday, the first pope to abdicate the papacy in 600 years. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

  • Filipino Roman Catholic devotee Betty Abainza shops for posters of Pope Benedict XVI at a religious store in Manila, Philippines Thursday Feb. 28, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI formally resigns Thursday, the first Pope to abdicate the papacy in 600 years. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

  • Pope Benedict XVI Steps Down And Officially Retires From The Papal Office

    VATICAN CITY, VATICAN - FEBRUARY 28: Pope Benedict XVI speaks to his cardinals during a farewell ceremony in the Clementine Hall of the Vatican's Apostolic Palace on February 28, 2013 in Vatican City, Vatican. Pope Benedict XVI will acquire the title 'Pope Emeritus' as he retires the pontificate today, and will travel to a papal retreat at Castel Gandolfo, near Rome (Photo by L'Osservatore Romano / Vatican Pool via Getty Images)Alternate crop of #162827424

  • Benedict XVI

    FILE - This Sept. 6, 2006 file photo shows Pope Benedict XVI wearing a "saturno hat", inspired by the ringed planet Saturn, to shield himself from the sun as he waves to the crowd of faithful prior to his weekly general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican. (AP Photo/Pier Paolo Cito, files)

  • FILE - Pope Benedict XVI greets the crowd from the central balcony of St. Peter's Basilica at the Vatican, in this April 19, 2005, file photo. Joseph Ratzinger of Germany, who chose the name of Pope Benedict XVI, became the 265th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church. (AP Photo/Domenico Stinellis/file)

  • In this photo released by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI receives German politician Horst Seehofer and his wife Karin during a private audience which followed his last general audience, at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • In this photo released by the Vatican newspaper L'Osservatore Romano, Pope Benedict XVI receives German politician Horst Seehofer during a private audience which followed his last general audience, at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Osservatore Romano, ho)

  • Pope Benedict XVI

    Faithful are reflected in the roof of Pope Benedict XVI's pope-mobile as he arrives to celebrate his last general audience in St. Peter's Square, at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

  • Pope Benedict XVI, Georg Gaenswein

    Pope Benedict XVI's personal secretary George Gaenswein, left, wipes his eye as the Pope delivers his message during his last general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI reads a message during his final general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI opens his arms during his final general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI is about to leave at the end of his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI talks to his personal secretary George Gaenswein as he leaves at the end of his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

  • Pope Benedict XVI delivers his blessing at the end of his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)

  • Pope Benedict XVI kisses a baby during his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican, Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2013. Pope Benedict XVI basked in an emotional sendoff Wednesday at his final general audience in St. Peter's Square, recalling moments of "joy and light" during his papacy but also times of great difficulty. He also thanked his flock for respecting his decision to retire. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)