LA HABANA (AP) — La bloguera cubana Yoani Sánchez viajó el domingo hacia Brasil, primera escala de un recorrido por unos diez países, después que las autoridades cubanas le emitieran un pasaporte, como lo estipula la nueva ley migratoria que simplificó los trámites de salida y entrada sin obstáculos de la isla.

"Llevo conmigo un mensaje de esperanza, no soy ingenua, me doy cuenta de los problemas, pero creo en el futuro y estoy muy esperanzada por la gente" expresó Sánchez a la prensa, el domingo, en la terminal aérea de la capital cubana, poco antes de tomar un avión con destino a Recife, Brasil, vía Ciudad Panamá.

Vestida con una saya azul marino y una blusa larga blanca, la bloguera de 37 años se despidió de su hijo Teo de 14 años, y de su esposo Reinaldo Escobar, antes de pasar el chequeo de emigración cubana para entrar a la sala de embarque.

Sánchez dijo que su recorrido la llevará a más de 10 países, Brasil, República Checa, España, México, Estados Unidos, Holanda, Alemania, Suiza, Suecia, Italia, Perú, en tanto están pendientes visitas a Chile y Argentina.

La primera escala brasileña, la llevará a la ciudad de Jequié, estado nororiental de Bahía, donde asistirá al estreno del documental "Conexión Cuba-Honduras" del cineasta local Claudio Galvao da Silva.

Después de casi tres meses, Sánchez volverá a Cuba. "No tengo ningún temor por el regreso, algunos amigos tienen miedo que no me dejen regresar, no lo creo porque sería una gran infracción de la legalidad...si me impidieran la entrada legal me convertirían en una balsera, no creo que lo hagan", explicó Sánchez.

La autora del blog "Generación Y" tiene programada una visita a Estados Unidos, según expresó, "voy a dar conferencias en varias universidades, como Columbia o Nueva York, voy a visitar la sede de Google y de Twiter, un programa académico", manifestó.

"Mi nombre no ha sonado en los altavoces, no me han llevado a un cuarto para desvestirme o 'leerme la cartilla' (en cubano significa decirle lo que puede o no puede hacer). Todo está saliendo bien", escribió Sánchez en la red social desde la sala de embarque del aeropuerto.

Durante los últimos 50 años y hasta el 14 de enero del presente año, la ley cubana establecía que los cubanos debían obtener además de su pasaporte, un permiso de salida del país llamado "tarjeta blanca", algo que podía ser denegado a personal de salud, científicos, funcionarios de diferentes niveles y a disidentes.

La reforma migratoria del presidente Raúl Castro flexibilizó los trámites, para viajar los cubanos deben tener el pasaporte y la visa del país de destino, sin embargo existe un artículo que limita la salida de ciertas personas, las que están sometidas a procesos penales o las que están consideradas como de seguridad nacional.

Otros disidentes ya viajaron como Eliecer Avila que está en Suecia, o Rosa María Payá, hija del fallecido disidente Oswaldo Payá, que se encuentra en España. También recibió recientemente su pasaporte Berta Soler, líder de las Damas de Blanco, sin embargo le fue denegado a Gisela Delgado, quien fue miembro de ese grupo disidente.

"Esto será como la vuelta al mundo en 80 días, no quiero estar más porque no me gusta separarme mucho de mi familia...tengo muchas cosas que hacer aquí...aunque todavía no me he ido ya quiero volver", concluyó Sánchez.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Anti-Castro leader Marta Beatriz Roque (

    Anti-Castro leader Marta Beatriz Roque (R) attends the weekly demonstration of the 'Ladies in White' movement (wives and mothers of political prisoners) in the streets of Havana 09 December 2007. The peaceful 'Ladies in white' movement demonstrated for the first time in front of the Cuban National Assembly ahead of tomorrow's International Human Rights Day. AFP PHOTO/ADALBERTO ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • (From R to L) Cuban government opponents

    HAVANA, CUBA: (From R to L) Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roca, Marta Beatriz Roque, Felix Bonne and Rene Gomez Manzano, hold a meeting at the residence of Michael Pamley, head of the US Interest Office in Havana, 21 June, 2007. The opponents celebrated the 10th anniversary of the manifesto 'The Land is for All', written by them 10 years ago. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roc

    HAVANA, CUBA: Cuban government opponents Vladimiro Roca (R) and Marta Beatriz Roque, chat during a meeting at the residence of Michael Pamley, head of the US Interest Office in Havana, 21 June, 2007. The opponents celebrated the 10th anniversary of the manifesto 'The Land is for All', written by them 10 years ago. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A group of Cuban women, wifes and mother

    LA HABANA, CUBA: A group of Cuban women, wifes and mothers of political prisoners, hold pictures of dissident Marta Beatriz Roque 09 May 2004 in Havana, during a Mother's Day demonstration asking the government to free their relatives. AFP PHOTO (Photo credit should read STR/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Police keep residents at bay after a lea

    Police keep residents at bay after a leading Cuban dissident, economist Marta Beatriz Roque was arrested in Havana 20 March 2003, the latest victim of a crackdown in which at least 55 people were detained this week, another political activist, told AFP. Roque was arrested early 20 March 2003 together with five other dissidents staging a 10-day-old hunger strike to press for the release of political prisoners, according to the head of the Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation (CCDHRN), a group that is banned but tolerated by the island's communist authorities. AFP PHOTO/Adalberto ROQUE (Photo credit should read ADALBERTO ROQUE/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Berta Soler, leader of Cuban dissident group Ladies in White speaks with journalists after her organization's meeting with Cardinal Jaime Ortega in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, June 7, 2012. Ladies in White is a group made up of relatives of Cuban dissidents who are imprisoned. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Laura Labrada, member of dissident group "Ladies in White," wears a T-shirt showing a photograph of the late Cuban activist Oswaldo Paya, center, and of late dissident leader Laura Pollan, top right, during Paya's burial at a cemetery in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, July 24, 2012. Paya, 60, gained international fame as the lead organizer of the Varela Project, a signature-gathering drive asking authorities for a referendum on guaranteeing rights such as freedom of speech and assembly. The initiative launched a decade ago was seen as the biggest nonviolent campaign to change the system Fidel Castro established after the 1959 Cuban revolution. Paya died on Sunday, July 22, 2012 in a car crash. Paya's death follows the October 2011 death of Laura Pollan, the leader of the "Ladies in White." (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Spanish citizen Angel Francisco Carromero speaks during a press conference via pre-taped video footage that was shown during a press conference organized by Cuba's International Press Center, in Havana, Cuba, Monday, July 30, 2012. Carromero and Swedish citizen Jens Aron Modig, who were traveling with Cuban dissident Oswaldo Paya when he died in a car crash, are denying speculation that a second vehicle was involved. Carromero says he braked abruptly after entering an unpaved construction zone and lost control. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Members of the opposition group Cuban Network of Community Communicators, facing the home of prominent dissident Martha Beatriz Roque, gather in a walkway, just outside her window, in support of her hunger strike in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Sept 11, 2012. Roque has declared a hunger strike and says 12 other opposition members are joining her. The hunger strikers are seeking to draw attention to the injustices committed in their view against opponents of the government and the lack of response from the authorities to their demands. Among their demands is that Cuba's government free a little-known opposition member, Jorge Vazquez. They say he is serving a jail term for a minor, non-political crime and ought to have been freed Sunday. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • Members of the opposition group Cuban Network of Community Communicators sit inside the home of prominent dissident Martha Beatriz Roque in support of her hunger strike, in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, Sept 13, 2012. Roque is seeking to draw attention to the injustices committed in her view against opponents of the government and the lack of response from the authorities to demands. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • APTOPIX Cuba Hunger Strike

  • Tibetan Youth Congress members rest on their beds, in the background, on the 17th day of their indefinite hunger strike in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Sept. 19, 2012. The demands of the hunger strikers include pressing China to grant immediate access to governments, international organizations and the media to travel in Tibet in order to understand the aspirations of Tibetans living there and to release Tibetan prisoners of conscience, among others. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

  • Tibetan Youth Congress members rest on their beds, in the background, on the 17th day of their indefinite hunger strike in New Delhi, India, Wednesday, Sept. 19, 2012. The demands of the hunger strikers include pressing China to grant immediate access to governments, international organizations and the media to travel in Tibet in order to understand the aspirations of Tibetans living there and to release Tibetan prisoners of conscience, among others. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)

Loading Slideshow...
  • Just graduated doctors have their picture taken holding their diplomas after a graduation ceremony at the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • A man and a woman talk after their graduation as nurses outside the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • A Cuban man leaves on the back of a motorcycle driven by a friend after graduating as doctor at the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken July 6, 2012, Rogelio Alonso, 74, center, plows a piece of land using a pair of oxen in Los Palos, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Retired taxi driver Jose Miguel, 69, carries one of his dogs to hand to a tourist in old Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Aug. 7, 2012. To supplement his pension Jose Miguel photographs tourists with his dogs. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken Aug 2, 2012, a couple dances at a senior center, that provides retirees with medical attention, meals and social activities, in Havana, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken Aug 2, 2012, women dance at a senior center, that provides retirees with medical attention, meals and social activities, in Havana, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Cubans pose for a picture on a sidewalk in Guantanamo, Cuba, on the eve of the country's Revolution Day, Wednesday, July 25, 2012. Revolution Day marks the July 26, 1953 rebel attack led by Fidel and Raul Castro on the Moncada military barracks. The attack is considered the beginning of the revolution that culminated with dictator Fulgencio Batista's ouster. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Bartender Alejandro Bolivar prepares a daiquiri to help fill a giant fiber-composite cocktail glass at El Floridita tavern in Old Havana, Cuba, Saturday, July 21, 2012. The event was staged to honor the 195th anniversary of the bar, which means "Little Florida" in Spanish and bills itself as the "cradle of the daiquiri." The giant cocktail also honored the 113 years since the birth of its most famous frequent customer, Nobel Prize-winning novelist Ernest Hemingway, of whom a life-sized sculpture sits barside. Legend has it that Hemingway, who took his daiquiris without sugar, once downed 13 doubles in one sitting. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • A boy jumps into the water at the Malecon in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

VIDEO RELACIONADO: