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La epidemia de cólera no amaina en Cuba, donde este jueves las autoridades sanitarias confirmaron la reaparición de la enfermedad en la  oriental ciudad de Bayamo. 

Cuatro pacientes enfermos y 44 sospechosos de tener la bacteria Vibrio Cholerae están ingresados en el hospital general "Carlos Manuel de Céspedes" de Bayamo, informó la doctora Ana María Batista González, del Centro de Higiene y Epidemiología.

En una intervención en la televisora local, Batista indicó que los barrios más afectados son Siboney y Galindo, ambos en las periferias de la ciudad, y señaló que además del cólera circulan otros cinco tipos  de virus que provocan diarreas.

Fuentes de Salud Pública indicaron a [I]CaféFuerte[/I] que el hospital bayamés ha habilitado un salón de nueve camas para la recepción de los nuevos casos. Desde el miércoles se prohibió el expendio de bebidas en lugares públicos.

El nuevo brote se reporta solo nueve días después que las autoridades gubernamentales reconocieran la existencia de casos de cólera en La Habana. 

A comienzos de enero, un reporte de CaféFuerte fechado en La Habana informó de la muerte de al menos dos personas por cólera. La BBC confirmó al menos un muerto por la enfermedad, identificado como Osvaldo Pino Rodríguez, de 46 años y residente en la barriada del Cerro, pero las autoridades cubanas no han informado oficialmente de los fallecimientos.

En Guantánamo, la agencia de prensa independiente Hablemos Press reportó este mes al menos dos fallecidos por cólera.

Testigos dentro de Cuba dijeron a CaféFuerte que a la entrada de casi todos los lugares públicos en Guantánamo se han colocado recipientes para que los visitantes se laven las manos con agua clorada.

En diciembre también se reportó otro brote en la provincia de Camagüe, en el este de Cuba.

El brote de Bayamo se registra a 67 kilómetros de la ciudad de Manzanillo, epicentro de la epidemia de cólera que se desató entre mayo y junio del 2012.

El 23 de julio, el gobernante Raúl Castro dio por "controlado" al brote de cólera en la provincia Granma. El  28 de agosto, una nota oficial aparecida en la prensa que no mencionó la palabra "cólera" consideró concluida la epidemia.

Según cifras oficiales, durante el brote del verano se reportaron 417 casos confirmados y tres muertes en la provincia, pero informes independientes consideran que la cantidad de los enfermos y fallecidos fue hasta tres veces mayor.

No se ha informado del origen de la bacteria que desató la epidemia.

Cuba no había enfrentado una epidemia de cólera desde fines del siglo XIX.

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  • Just graduated doctors have their picture taken holding their diplomas after a graduation ceremony at the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • A man and a woman talk after their graduation as nurses outside the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • A Cuban man leaves on the back of a motorcycle driven by a friend after graduating as doctor at the 'Karl Marx' theater in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken July 6, 2012, Rogelio Alonso, 74, center, plows a piece of land using a pair of oxen in Los Palos, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Retired taxi driver Jose Miguel, 69, carries one of his dogs to hand to a tourist in old Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Aug. 7, 2012. To supplement his pension Jose Miguel photographs tourists with his dogs. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken Aug 2, 2012, a couple dances at a senior center, that provides retirees with medical attention, meals and social activities, in Havana, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • In this picture taken Aug 2, 2012, women dance at a senior center, that provides retirees with medical attention, meals and social activities, in Havana, Cuba. Cuba grapples with having the oldest citizenry in Latin America, a phenomenon fueled by low birth rates and long life expectancies, plus the migration of young people and women. The government has already postponed the retirement age and is trying to create more homes and programs for the elderly, but still will have to handle the economic consequences of its increasingly graying population.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Cubans pose for a picture on a sidewalk in Guantanamo, Cuba, on the eve of the country's Revolution Day, Wednesday, July 25, 2012. Revolution Day marks the July 26, 1953 rebel attack led by Fidel and Raul Castro on the Moncada military barracks. The attack is considered the beginning of the revolution that culminated with dictator Fulgencio Batista's ouster. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

  • Bartender Alejandro Bolivar prepares a daiquiri to help fill a giant fiber-composite cocktail glass at El Floridita tavern in Old Havana, Cuba, Saturday, July 21, 2012. The event was staged to honor the 195th anniversary of the bar, which means "Little Florida" in Spanish and bills itself as the "cradle of the daiquiri." The giant cocktail also honored the 113 years since the birth of its most famous frequent customer, Nobel Prize-winning novelist Ernest Hemingway, of whom a life-sized sculpture sits barside. Legend has it that Hemingway, who took his daiquiris without sugar, once downed 13 doubles in one sitting. (AP Photo/Franklin Reyes)

  • A boy jumps into the water at the Malecon in Havana, Cuba, Wednesday, July 18, 2012.(AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)

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