MEXICO (AP) — El presidente de México, Enrique Peña Nieto, firmó el domingo con los principales partidos de la oposición un acuerdo, llamado Pacto por México, para transformar el país en cuanto al crecimiento económico, el empleo y la competitividad.

Peña Nieto incluye en este pacto, que ya había anunciado el día anterior durante su investidura, un centenar de medidas entre las que incluye la reforma educativa, acceso universal a la sanidad, garantizar una pensión a los mayores de 65 años o evaluar una posible inversión privada en Pemex.

Peña Nieto calificó el pacto, firmado en Chapultepec junto a líderes del Partido de Acción Nacional (PAN) y el Partido de la Revolución Democrática, como "un hecho histórico". "Hay que transformar el país sin demora", añadió.

En el documento se incluye además la licitación de cadenas nacionales de televisión en abierto, una regulación en las telecomunicaciones para generar competencia entre las compañías y nuevos mecanismos para salvaguardar los derechos humanos en los casos de violencia que genera el crimen organizado.

LEE LOS COMENTARIOS A ESTA NOTA Y AGREGA EL TUYO


La proclamación como presidente del candidato del PRI, partido que gobernó durante 71 años y que acabó con fuertes críticas por acusaciones de clientelismo y corrupción, estuvo acompañada por unos actos violentos en el centro de la Ciudad de México que saldó con 8 heridos, uno de ellos de gravedad, y la detención de 92 personas, según informó el jefe de Gobierno del Distrito Federal, Marcelo Ebrard.


Decenas de familiares de los detenidos durante las permanecían el domingo a las afueras del Ministerio Público, donde denunciaron que algunas de las detenciones se habían producido de manera arbitraria.


El herido de mayor gravedad, un hombre de 67 años que había recibido un fuerte golpe en la cabeza, permanecía en coma inducido, según informó un portavoz del hospital en el que permanece ingresado.


El PRI es señalado por sus detractores como un partido que podría intentar restablecer prácticas autoritarias y corruptas que para muchos lo caracterizaron en su primera época en el poder. Peña Nieto ha insistido que el PRI ha cambiado y que gobernará de manera democrática.

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  • MEXICO-POLITICS-PENA NIETO-AGREEMENT

    Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto (2-L, bottom row) speaks next to Mexican Interior Minister, Miguel Osorio Chong (L, bottom row), the President of the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD), Jesus Zambrano (2-L, bottom row), and the President of the National Action Party (PAN), Gustavo Madero (R, bottom row), as they make the 'Pact for Mexico', on December 2, 2012 in Mexico City. Pena Nieto and the main three polical parties of Mexico, signed Sunday an agreement to launch reforms to strengthen democracy, fight social inequality and promote economical growth. AFP PHOTO/Alfredo Estrella (Photo credit should read ALFREDO ESTRELLA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • MEXICO-PENA NIETO-INAUGURATION

    Newly-sworn in Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto (C) gestures after delivering his first speech as head of state at the National Palace in Mexico City on December 1, 2012. Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in as president of Mexico on Saturday following protests by leftist lawmakers inside the congress and clashes between demonstrators and police outside AFP PHOTO/ YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • MEXICO-PENA NIETO-INAUGURATION

    Newly-sworn in Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto gestures after delivering his first speech as head of state at the National Palace in Mexico City on December 1, 2012. Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in as president of Mexico on Saturday following protests by leftist lawmakers inside the congress and clashes between demonstrators and police outside. AFP PHOTO/Pool/Christian Palma (Photo credit should read CHRISTIAN PALMA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • MEXICO-US-PENA NIETO-BIDEN

    Newly-sworn in Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto (R) shakes hands with US Vice President Joe Biden during a bilateral meeting at the Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City on December 1, 2012. Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in as president of Mexico on Saturday following protests by leftist lawmakers inside the congress and clashes between demonstrators and police outside. AFP PHOTO/Omar Torres (Photo credit should read OMAR TORRES/AFP/Getty Images)

  • MEXICO-PENA NIETO-INAUGURATION

    Mexican new President Enrique Pena Nieto speaks after taking the constitutional oath during a ceremony at the Congress in Mexico City, on December 1, 2012. Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in as president of Mexico on Saturday following protests by leftist lawmakers inside the congress and clashes between demonstrators and police outside. AFP PHOTO/ALFREDO ESTRELLA (Photo credit should read ALFREDO ESTRELLA/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pelosi Meets With Mexican President-Elect Pena Nieto

    WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 27: Mexican President-Elect Enrique Pena Nieto delivers brief remarks after meeting with Democratic members of the House in the Rayburn Room at the U.S. Capitol November 27, 2012 in Washington, DC. Nieto, of Mexico's Institutional Revolutionary Party, will also visit the White House and meet with President Barack Obama today, days before he takes office on December 1. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

  • US-MEXICO-POLITICS-DIPLOMACY-OBAMA

    US President Barack Obama shakes hands with President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto of Mexico during a bilateral meeting in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington on November 27, 2012. Pena Nieto, a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), takes office on December 1, replacing Felipe Calderon from the conservative National Action Party (PAN), five months after his election victory. AFP PHOTO/Jewel Samad (Photo credit should read JEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Pelosi Meets With Mexican President-Elect Pena Nieto

    WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 27: Mexican President-Elect Enrique Pena Nieto (C) briefly answers a reporter's question with members of Congress (L-R) Rep. Silvestre Reyes (D-TX), Rep. Ruben Hinojosa (D-TX) Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-CA) and Rep. Henry Cuellar (D-TX) in the Rayburn Room at the U.S. Capitol November 27, 2012 in Washington, DC. Nieto, of Mexico's Institutional Revolutionary Party, will also visit the White House and meet with President Barack Obama today, days before he takes office on December 1. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

  • Pelosi Meets With Mexican President-Elect Pena Nieto

    WASHINGTON, DC - NOVEMBER 27: Mexican President-Elect Enrique Pena Nieto (3L) poses for photographs with members of Congress (L-R) Rep. Silvestre Reyes (D-TX), Rep. Ruben Hinojosa (D-TX), House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), Rep. Xavier Becerra (D-CA) and Rep. Henry Cuellar (D-TX) in the Rayburn Room at the U.S. Capitol November 27, 2012 in Washington, DC. Nieto, of Mexico's Institutional Revolutionary Party, will also visit the White House and meet with President Barack Obama today, days before he takes office on December 1. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

  • FRANCE-MEXICO-DIPLOMACY-HOLLANDE-PENA-NIETO

    France's President Francois Hollande and his companion Valerie Trierweiler, Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto (R) and his wife telenovela actress Angelica Rivera and pose as they leave the Elysee presidential palace in Paris on October 17, 2012. Mexico's elected President Enrique Pena Nieto will start his six-year term as president on December 1, marking the return of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) to the nation's highest office after a 12-year absence. AFP PHOTO/ BERTRAND LANGLOIS (Photo credit should read BERTRAND LANGLOIS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • FRANCE-MEXICO-DIPLOMACY-HOLLANDE-PENA-NIETO

    France's President Francois Hollande (R) shakes hands with Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto at the end of a press conference following a working lunch at the Elysee presidential palace in Paris on October 17, 2012. AFP PHOTO BERTRAND LANGLOIS (Photo credit should read BERTRAND LANGLOIS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • British Prime Minister David Cameron Meets Elected President of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto

    LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 16: British Prime Minister David Cameron (R) greets Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto at Number 10 Downing Street on October 16, 2012 in London, England. (Photo by Facundo ArrizabalagaWPA Pool /Getty Images)

  • BRITAIN-MEXICO-DIPLOMACY

    Mexican president-elect Enrique Pena Nieto addresses members of the press at the official residence of Mexico in Central London on October 16, 2012. Pena Nieto, a 46-year-old lawyer, will officially take office as Mexican president early December. AFP PHOTO/JUSTIN TALLIS (Photo credit should read JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP/Getty Images)

  • Spanish Royals Attend Dinner With Mexican President-Elect Enrique Pena Nieto

    MADRID, SPAIN - OCTOBER 15: King Juan Carlos of Spain (L) and Prince Felipe of Spain (R) receive President-elect of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto (C) at the Zarzuela Palace on October 15, 2012 in Madrid, Spain. (Photo by Carlos Alvarez/Getty Images)

  • GERMANY-MEXICO-NIETO

    Mexico's president-elect Enrique Pena Nieto speaks during a press conference after a meeting with Berlin Mayor at Berlin townhall on October 11, 2012. Nieto is on a European tour. AFP PHOTO / ODD ANDERSEN (Photo credit should read ODD ANDERSEN/AFP/GettyImages)

  • CHILE-MEXICO-PINERA-PENA NIETO

    Chilean president Sebastian Pinera (R) and Mexican elected president Enrique Pena Nieto shake hands before holding a meeting at La Moneda presidential Palace in Santiago on September 21, 2012. Pena Nieto launched a Latin American tour on Sunday --visiting Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Peru-- to discuss security, trade, immigration and drug-related issues. AFP PHOTO/Martin BERNETTI (Photo credit should read MARTIN BERNETTI/AFP/GettyImages)

  • ARGENTINA-MEXICO-KIRCHNER-PENA NIETO

    Mexican president elect Enrique Pena Nieto (L) and Argentine President Cristina Kirchner shake hands before a working meeting at the government house in Buenos Aires on September 21, 2012. AFP PHOTO / Juan Mabromata (Photo credit should read JUAN MABROMATA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • BRAZIL-MEXICO-ROUSSEFF-PENA NIETO

    Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff (R) and Mexican elected president Enrique Pena Nieto shake hands before holding a meeting at Planalto Palace in Brasilia, on September 20, 2012. Pena Nieto launched a Latin American tour on Sunday --visiting Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Peru-- to discuss security, trade, immigration and drug-related issues. AFP PHOTO/Pedro LADEIRA (Photo credit should read PEDRO LADEIRA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • COLOMBIA-MEXICO-SANTOS-PENA NIETO

    Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto (L) and Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos wave at the press at Narino presidential palace in Bogota, on September 18, 2012. Pena Nieto launched a Latin American tour on Sunday --visiting Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Peru-- to discuss security, trade, immigration and drug-related issues. AFP PHOTO/Eitan ABRAMOVICH (Photo credit should read EITAN ABRAMOVICH/AFP/GettyImages)

  • GUATEMALA-MEXICO-PEREZ MOLINA-PENA NIETO

    Guatemalan President Otto Perez Molina (R) poses with Mexican President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto at the Palace of Culture in downtown Guatelama City on September 17, 2012. President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto launched a tour of Latin America on Sunday with an agenda stressing security, trade and immigration. He will visit Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Peru. AFP PHOTO/Johan ORDONEZ (Photo credit should read JOHAN ORDONEZ/AFP/GettyImages)

  • MEXICO-CALDERON-PENA NIETO

    Mexican president elect Enrique Pena Nieto delivers a speech after a private meeting with president Felipe Calderon at Los Pinos presidential residence on September 5, 2012 in Mexico City. Pena nieto said that he will try to mantain the country's stability avoiding to cut public policies of the presnt administration. AFP PHOTO/ YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/GettyImages)

  • MEXICO-CALDERON-PENA NIETO

    Mexican outgoing president Felipe Calderon (L) shakes hands with president elect Enrique Pena Nieto (R) after a private meeting at Los Pinos presidential residence on September 5, 2012 in Mexico City. Pena nieto said that he will try to mantain the country's stability avoiding to cut public policies of the presnt administration. AFP PHOTO/ YURI CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/GettyImages)

  • MEXICO-ELECTION-PENA NIETO-TRANSITION

    Mexico's President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto (C) poses with his transition team -- with members of the current government and the future one, towards his inauguration on December 1 -- after presenting it in a press conference in Mexico City on September 4, 2012. AFP PHOTO/Alfredo ESTRELLA (Photo credit should read ALFREDO ESTRELLA/AFP/GettyImages)

  • MEXICO-ELECTION-RESULT-PENA NIETO

    Mexico's President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto (R) poses as he holds the certificate declaring him the official winner of the presidential election, next to the president of Mexico's Federal Electoral Tribunal (TRIFE), Jose Alejandro Luna Ramos, during a ceremony held at the TRIFE's headquarters in Mexico City, on August 31, 2012. Enrique Pena Nieto was finally declared Mexico's president-elect on Friday after a two-month legal fight, but his leftist rival refused to accept the result and called for a rally. The federal electoral tribunal officially named Pena Nieto the winner of the July 1 election after dismissing a bid by leftist leader Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to scrap the result over vote-buying claims. The decision clears the way for Pena Nieto to begin his six-year term on December 1. AFP PHOTO/RONALDO SCHEMIDT (Photo credit should read Ronaldo Schemidt/AFP/GettyImages)

  • Supporters Of Mexico's PRI Party Await Election Results

    MEXICO CITY, MEXICO - JULY 2: Presidential candidate Enrique Pena Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) speaks during a press conference on July 2, 2012 in Mexico City, Mexico. According to reports, a vote count by the independent Federal Electoral Institute (LIFE) has give Pena Nieto and the PRI the win in the presidential election, but it looks unlikely the will have a majority in either house of Congress. (Photo by Daniel Aguilar/Getty Images)

  • The Mexican presidential candidate for t

    The Mexican presidential candidate for the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Enrique Pena Nieto speaks during a meeting with the international press in Mexico City on July 2, 2012. Pena Nieto, the new face of the party that governed Mexico for seven decades, won Sunday's presidential election, according to first official results by the independent Federal Electoral Institute (IFE). AFP PHOTO/Yuri CORTEZ (Photo credit should read YURI CORTEZ/AFP/GettyImages)

  • FILE-MEXICO-PEÑA NIETO-INAUGURATION

    FILE - The presidential candidate for Mexico's Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), Enrique Peña Nieto, casts his vote in the presidential elections, in Atlacomulco, state of Mexico, on July 1, 2012. Incoming president Enrique Pena Nieto will inherit two Mexicos when he takes office on December 1, 2012: One basking in economic growth and another mired in a bloody drug war that has left 60,000 dead. AFP PHOTO/Mario VAZQUEZ (Photo credit should read MARIO VAZQUEZ/AFP/Getty Images)

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