NUEVA YORK (AP) — Al rey de los cuadrangulares en las historia de las Grandes Ligas y al lanzador más condecorado probablemente se les negará en enero su inclusión en el Salón de la Fama del Béisbol. Un sondeo realizado por la Associated Press muestra que el toletero Barry Bonds y Roger Clemens, así como el dominicano Sammy Sosa, no tienen los votos suficientes para ingresar a Cooperstown.

Con los escándalos por uso de esteroides aún frescos en la mente de los miembros de la Asociación de Cronistas de Béisbol de Estados Unidos en momentos en que están emitiendo su voto, el trío no consiguió ni siquiera el 50% de los sufragios entre los 112 votantes contactados por la AP, casi una quinta parte de quienes pueden participar.

Los candidatos necesitan 75% para ser elegidos

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  • Nate Schierholtz, John Mayberry

    Philadelphia Phillies right fielder Nate Schierholtz (22) watches as left fielder John Mayberry (back) and second baseman Chase Utley (26) almost collide as Utley catches a fly ball hit by Miami Marlins batter Austin Kearns during the eighth inning of a MLB baseball game in Miami, Sunday, Sept. 30, 2012. The Phillies won 4-1. (AP Photo/J Pat Carter)

  • Tsuyoshi Nishioka

    FILE - This Aug. 8, 2012 file photo shows Minnesota Twins second baseman Tsuyoshi Nishioka looking up after an error in the second inning of a baseball game against the Cleveland Indians, in Cleveland. The Twins have released Nishioka, ending their experiment with the Japanese middle infielder after two rough years. The Twins said Friday, Sept. 28, 2012, that the move came at Nishioka's request. ( (AP Photo/Tony Dejak, File)

  • Hanley Ramirez

    Los Angeles Dodgers' Hanley Ramirez is examined by a trainer after being hit by a pitch during the Dodgers' four run rally against the San Diego Padres in the fifth inning of a baseball game Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012 in San Diego. (AP Photo/Lenny Ignelzi)

  • Matt Kemp

    Los Angeles Dodgers' Matt Kemp connecdts for a double and starts a foru run Dodgers' rally in the fifth inning of a baseball game against the San Diego Padres Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012 in San Diego. (AP Photo/Lenny Ignelzi)

  • Erik Kratz, Jayson Werth

    Washington Nationals' Jayson Werth, left, collides with Philadelphia Phillies catcher Erik Kratz after he was caught trying to score on a fielder's choice by Adam LaRoche in the seventh inning of a baseball game, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012, in Philadelphia. LaRoche was safe at first. Washington won 7-3. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)

  • Pablo Sandoval

    San Francisco Giants third baseman Pablo Sandoval drops the ball on a Houston Astros' Jason Castro foul pop up in the first inning of a baseball game Tuesday, Aug. 28, 2012, in Houston. Giants shortstop Brandon Crawford ran in to make the catch before the ball hit the ground for the out. (AP Photo/Pat Sullivan)

  • Luis Cruz

    Los Angeles Dodgers' Luis Cruz watches his two run single head into center field during the Dodgers' four fifth inning against the San Diego Padres during a baseball game Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012 in San Diego. (AP Photo/Lenny Ignelzi)

  • Brett Myers, Evan Longoria

    Chicago White Sox relief pitcher Brett Myers, bottom, looks down as Tampa Bay Rays' Evan Longoria, top, rounds the bases on a solo home run during the ninth inning of a baseball game in Chicago, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012. The Rays won 3-2. (AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh)

  • An image of Chicago Cubs pitcher Kerry Wood adorns the side of a building across the street from Wrigley Field, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012 in Chicago. Even for a team with a record of futility unmatched in professional baseball and, heck, all of professional sports, this season has been one of the most dismal in Cubs history. About the only good thing that could be said about a team poised to lose 100 games for the first time in 46 years--one of which came after the shortstop trotted off the field thinking there were three outs instead of two--is that it is doing so in front of fewer fans than any year in the last decade. (AP Photo/M. Spencer Green)

  • Tsuyoshi Nishioka

    FILE - This March 7, 2012 file photo shows Minnesota Twins shortstop Tsuyoshi Nishioka, of Japan, in the dugout during a spring training baseball game against the Baltimore Orioles, in Sarasota, Fla. The Twins have released Nishioka, ending their experiment with the Japanese middle infielder after two rough years. The Twins said Friday, Sept. 28, 2012, that the move came at Nishioka's request. (AP Photo/David Goldman, File)

  • Josh Harrison, Yadier Molina

    Pittsburgh Pirates' Josh Harrison (5) looks to St. Louis Cardinals catcher Yadier Molina after he collided with him on a play at the plate in the second inning of the baseball game on Tuesday, Aug. 28, 2012, in Pittsburgh. Harrison was out, but Molina had to leave the game. (AP Photo/Keith Srakocic)

  • Josh Harrison, Yadier Molina

    Pittsburgh Pirates' Josh Harrison, left, walks back to the dugout as a team trainer checks on St. Louis Cardinals catcher Yadier Molina after he collided with Harrison on a play at the plate in the second inning of the baseball game on Tuesday, Aug. 28, 2012, in Pittsburgh. Harrison was out, but Molina had to leave the game. (AP Photo/Keith Srakocic)

  • Alex Rodriguez

    New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez rolls on the ground after being hit by a pitch in the eighth inning of a baseball game against the Seattle Mariners, Tuesday, July 24, 2012, in Seattle. (AP Photo/Kevin P. Casey)

  • Alex Rodriguez

    New York Yankees'manager Joe Girardi, left, points as, Alex Rodriguez, middle, leaves the game after being hit by a pitch in the eighth inning of a baseball game against the Seattle Mariners, Tuesday, July 24, 2012, in Seattle. (AP Photo/Kevin P. Casey)

  • Ichiro Suzuki

    New York Yankees' Ichiro Suzuki doffs his batting helmet and bows to fans as he steps up to bat against the Seattle Mariners in the third inning of a baseball game Monday, July 23, 2012, in Seattle. The Mariners announced earlier in the day that Suzuki, who has played with the Mariners since 2001, was traded to the Yankees. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

  • A young fan holds up a sign marking the departure of Ichiro Suzuki to the New York Yankees earlier in the day from the Seattle Mariners after a baseball game Monday, July 23, 2012, in Seattle. The Yankees won 4-1. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

  • A military aircraft flies over Kauffman Stadium during the national anthem before the MLB All-Star baseball game, Tuesday, July 10, 2012, in Kansas City, Mo. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)

  • Melky Cabrera

    National League's Melky Cabrera, of the San Francisco Giants, shows off his MVP trophy after the MLB All-Star baseball game Tuesday, July 10, 2012, in Kansas City, Mo. The National League defeated the American League 8-0. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)

  • Melky Cabrera

    National League's Melky Cabrera of the San Francisco Giants shows off his MVP trophy after the MLB All-Star baseball game against the American League All-Stars Tuesday, July 10, 2012, in Kansas City, Mo. National League won 8-0. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)

  • Pablo Sandoval

    National League's Pablo Sandoval, of the San Francisco Giants, right, celebrates with teammates after their 8-0 win over the American League in the MLB All-Star baseball game, Tuesday, July 10, 2012, in Kansas City, Mo. (AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall)

  • Ted Barrett, Matt Cain

    Home plate umpire Ted Barrett waits as San Francisco Giants pitcher Matt Cain warms up before the ninth inning of a baseball game against the Houston Astros in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 13, 2012. Barrett was behind the plate Wednesday night when San Francisco Giants' right-hander Matt Cain pitched a perfect game against the Houston Astros in a 10-0 victory. He also was the home plate umpire when David Cone threw his perfect game for the New York Yankees in a 6-0 win over the Montreal Expos on July 18, 1999. It makes Barrett the first major league umpire to call balls and strikes for two perfect games. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Matt Cain

    A scoreboard recognizing a perfect game thrown by San Francisco Giants pitcher Matt Cain against the Houston Astros is displayed in San Francisco, Wednesday, June 13, 2012. Cain pitched the 22nd perfect game in major league history and first for the Giants, striking out a career-high 14 and getting help from two spectacular catches to beat the Houston Astros 10-0. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu)

  • Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim v Colorado Rockies

    DENVER, CO - JUNE 09: Albert Pujols #5 of the Los Angeles Angels celebrates his two run home run against the Colorado Rockies to give the Angels a 10-3 lead in the sixth inning during Interleague Play at Coors Field on June 9, 2012 in Denver, Colorado. The Angels defeated the Rockies 11-5. (Photo by Doug Pensinger/Getty Images)

  • Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim v Colorado Rockies

    DENVER, CO - JUNE 09: Albert Pujols #5 of the Los Angeles Angels watches his two run home run against the Colorado Rockies to give the Angels a 10-3 lead in the sixth inning during Interleague Play at Coors Field on June 9, 2012 in Denver, Colorado. The Angels defeated the Rockies 11-5. (Photo by Doug Pensinger/Getty Images)

  • Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim v Colorado Rockies

    DENVER, CO - JUNE 09: Albert Pujols #5 of the Los Angeles Angels celebrates his two run home run with Torii Hunter #48 of the Los Angeles Angels who scored on the play against the Colorado Rockies to give the Angels a 10-3 lead in the sixth inning during Interleague Play at Coors Field on June 9, 2012 in Denver, Colorado. (Photo by Doug Pensinger/Getty Images)

  • David Hernandez, Miguel Montero

  • Yovani Gallardo

    Milwaukee Brewers' Yovani Gallardo is congratulated by teammates after scoring on a single by Norichika Aoki during the sixth inning of their baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, Wednesday, May 30, 2012, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)

  • Carlos Gonzalez Esmil Rogers

    Colorado Rockies pitcher Esmil Rogers, right, congratulates teammate Carlos Gonzalez after Gonzalez hit his third home run against the Houston Astros in the eighth inning of their baseball game on Wednesday, May 30, 2012 in Denver. Colorado beat Houston 13-5. (AP Photo/Joe Mahoney)

  • Hisanori Takahashi

    Los Angeles Angels relief pitcher Hisanori Takahashi, of Japan, throws to the New York Yankees during the sixth inning of a baseball game in Anaheim, Calif., Wednesday, May 30, 2012. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Raul Ibanez, Eric Chavez

    New York Yankees' Raul Ibanez, right, celebrates with Eric Chavez after scoring on a sacrifice fly by Nick Swisher against the Los Angeles Angels during the sixth inning of a baseball game in Anaheim, Calif., Wednesday, May 30, 2012. (AP Photo/Chris Carlson)

  • Chad Billingsley

  • Bud Norris

    Houston Astros starting pitcher Bud Norris delivers during the first inning of a baseball game against the Los Angeles Dodgers, Saturday, May 26, 2012, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Bret Hartman)

  • Brian Bogusevic, Jose Altuve

    Houston Astros' Brian Bogusevic, right, celebrates scoring a run with Jose Altuve off a bases-loaded walk by Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Chad Billingsley during the second inning of a baseball game, Saturday, May 26, 2012, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Bret Hartman)

  • Jose Altuve

    Houston Astros' Jose Altuve slides safely into second after hitting a double off of Los Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Chad Billingsley during the first inning of a baseball game, Saturday, May 26, 2012, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Bret Hartman)

  • Starlin Castro, Kevin Correia

    Chicago Cubs' Starlin Castro (13) leaps back to third base with a triple as the relay throw gets away from Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Kevin Correia, rear, in the fifth inning of a baseball game in Pittsburgh, Saturday, May 26, 2012. The Pirates won 3-2. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar)

  • Joey Votto

    Cincinnati Reds first baseman Joey Votto throws to first base getting out Colorado Rockies' Tyler Colvin ending the baseball game, Saturday, May 26, 2012, in Cincinnati. The Reds won 10-3. (AP Photo/David Kohl)

  • Jordan Pacheco, Brandon Phillips

    Colorado Rockies' Jordan Pacheco (22) is forced out at second base as Cincinnati Reds second baseman Brandon Phillips (4) throws to first base, completing a double play on Wil Nieves in the eighth inning of a baseball game, Saturday, May 26, 2012, in Cincinnati. The Reds won 10-3. (AP Photo/David Kohl)

  • Kendrys Morales

    Los Angeles Angels' Kendrys Morales hits a home run against the Seattle Mariners in the fourth inning of a baseball game on Sunday, May 27, 2012, in Seattle. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

  • Kendrys Morales, Kyle Seager

    Seattle Mariners third baseman Kyle Seager, left, waits for the ball as Los Angeles Angels' Kendrys Morales slides safely into third base in the ninth inning of a baseball game, Sunday, May 27, 2012, in Seattle. The Angels won 4-2. (AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

  • Albert Pujols, Josh Donaldson

    Los Angeles Angels' Albert Pujols, right, is tagged out by Oakland Athletics third baseman Josh Donaldson while trying to advance from first base on a single by Kendrys Morales during the sixth inning of a baseball game Wednesday, May 23, 2012, in Oakland, Calif. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)

  • Albert Pujols, Bill Miller

    Los Angeles Angels' Albert Pujols, right, argues with third base umpire Bill Miller after being tagged out by Oakland Athletics third baseman Josh Donaldson while trying to advance from first base on a single by Kendrys Morales during the sixth inning of a baseball game Wednesday, May 23, 2012, in Oakland, Calif. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)

  • Carlos Gonzalez Chris Snyder

    Colorado Rockies' Carlos Gonzalez hits a solo home run in front of Houston Astros catcher Chris Snyder in the fifth inning of a baseball game, Wednesday, May 30, 2012, in Denver. (AP Photo/Joe Mahoney)

  • Chris Snyder, Carlos Gonzalez

    Houston Astros catcher Chris Snyder, left, forces out Colorado Rockies' Carlos Gonzalez at home plate in the seventh inning of the Rockies' 7-6 victory in 10 innings in game two of a split doubleheader in Denver on Monday, May 28, 2012. Gonzalez was trying to score on a ground ball hit by Tyler Colvin. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski)

Así que Bonds, único pelotero elegido siete veces como Jugador Más Valioso, y Clemens, único ganador de siete premios Cy Young, probablemente continuarán fuera del recinto, junto con el líder de imparables Pete Rose, quien fue castigado por apostar en juegos de béisbol cuando era manager de los Rojos de Cincinnati.


"No voy a votar por nadie que haya sido manchado o asociado con esteroides", dijo Hal Bodley, de MLB.com y ex columnista de béisbol para USA Today. "Simplemente no lo voy a hacer. Podría cambiar de opinión posteriormente, pero es que amo demasiado el juego. Tengo demasiada pasión por el juego, y por lo que esta gente le hizo", agregó.


La lista de candidatos fue anunciada esta semana y Bonds, Clemens y Sosa están en ella por primera vez. Se votará durante el mes y se revelarán los resultados el 9 de enero.


Entre los votantes que respondieron a la encuesta, Bonds recibió 45% de apoyo, Clemens 43% y Sosa 18%. Para ser elegidos, Bonds y Clemens necesitarían más de 80% de apoyo entre los votantes no sondeados y Sosa necesitaría obtener más de 85%.


"Nadie se atrevería a decir que Bonds, siete veces JMV de la Liga Nacional con 762 cuadrangulares, no es un miembro del Salón de la Fama", escribió Thom Loverro, columnista de The Washington Examiner, para explicar su decisión. "Ni nadie diría que Clemens, con 354 victorias en su carrera, 4.672 ponches y siete Premios Cy Young, no debería ser venerado en Cooperstown. Lo mismo va para Sosa, quien terminó con 609 cuadrangulares en su carrera, incluidos 243 de ellos de 1998 a 2001".


"Excepto que hicieron trampa, todos ellos. Y en este Salón de la Fama no se trata sólo de números. Tres de los seis criterios para ser elegidos para Cooperstown son espíritu deportivo, integridad y carácter. Bonds, Sosa y Clemens fallan en todos esos criterios".


Troy Renck, de The Denver Post, tampoco tiene intención de votar por ellos.


"Comprendo que todos tienen su opinión sobre este asunto y las respeto", dijo en entrevista telefónica. "Para mí personalmente, habiendo entrenado niños durante la última década y hablado con ellos sobre hacer las cosas de cierta manera, me sentiría muy incómodo votando por cualquiera que es un tramposo reconocido", señaló.


Bruce Jenkins, columnista del San Francisco Chronicle, tomó la posición contraria.


"La cláusula de 'carácter' del Salón de la Fama debería ser eliminada inmediatamente, porque es demasiado tarde por mucho convertir Cooperstown en una iglesia", escribió en un correo electrónico.


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Los periodistas de la AP Janie McCauley, Noah Trister y Ben Walker contribuyeron a este reporte.