RAMALA, Cisjordania (AP) — Los palestinos celebraron el jueves con vivas, abrazos, fuegos artificiales y gritos de "Dios es Grande" que las Naciones Unidas les concedieran, al menos formalmente, lo que habían anhelado por años: un estado propio.

La histórica decisión de la Asamblea General de aceptar a "Palestina" como estado observador no miembro no se reflejará de inmediato en un cambio en la realidad de los habitantes de la región, porque parte de ese estado —Cisjordania, la Franja de Gaza y Jerusalén oriental— continúa bajo control de Israel.

Sin embargo, muchos palestinos festejaron el reconocimiento mayoritario que recibieron en el organismo mundial: de los 193 miembros de la Asamblea General, 138 votaron a favor del "sí" tras décadas de reveses en su búsqueda de la independencia en los territorios que Israel capturó en la Guerra del Medio Oriente de 1967.

"Es grandioso tener un estado, aunque sea de nombre solamente", dijo el empleado público Mohammed Srour, de 28 años y quien se encontraba entre una multitud de más de 2.000 personas que ondeaban banderas en una plaza en la ciudad de Ramala, en la Franja de Gaza.

LEE LOS COMENTARIOS A ESTA NOTA Y AGREGA EL TUYO


"El sueño más hermoso de cualquier hombre es tener un estado independiente, en particular nosotros los palestinos que hemos vivido mucho tiempo bajo la ocupación", agregó.


Pasada la euforia por la votación en la ONU, los palestinos regresarán a su difícil realidad. Carecen de las bases principales de un estado, como control de fronteras, de su espacio aéreo y de su comercio.


Un aspecto que complica su situación es que tienen gobiernos rivales. Uno es el del presidente Mahmud Abbas que rige en Cisjordania y el otro es el del grupo extremista islámico Hamas, que rige en Gaza.


Los palestinos afirman que el reconocimiento no tiene una utilidad simbólica nada más. Consideran que la medida fortalecerá su posición en futuras conversaciones con Israel, país que había censurado el proceder palestino en Naciones Unidas como un intento para eludir el diálogo.


El cálido abrazo que la comunidad internacional ha dado a los palestinos también podría contribuir a la restauración de la posición interna de Abbas, erosionada por los años de estancamiento en los esfuerzos de paz. Abbas encabezó la petición para que la ONU reconociera al estado palestino.

Loading Slideshow...
  • Palestinians celebrate as they watch a screen showing the U.N. General Assembly votes on a resolution to upgrade the status of the Palestinian Authority to a nonmember observer state, In the west bank city of Ramallah, Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012. The U.N. General Assembly has voted by a more than two-thirds majority to recognize the state of Palestine. The resolution upgrading the Palestinians' status to a nonmember observer state at the United Nations was approved by the 193-member world body late Thursday by a vote of 138-9 with 41 abstentions. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallaha on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallah on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallaha on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-VOTE

    Palestinians watch on a giant screen Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas speaking at the UN on November 29, 2012 in Ramallah. The UN General Assembly voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO/ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallah on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallah on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-UN-DIPLOMACY-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in Gaza City early on November 30, 2012, after the UN General Assembly voted to upgrade them to a non-member state observer. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, triggering scenes of joy on the streets of the Israeli-occupied West Bank. In a major defeat for the United States and Israel, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas won what he called a 'birth certificate' for a Palestinian state, with the backing of 138 countries in the 193 member assembly. AFP PHOTO / PATRICK BAZ (Photo credit should read PATRICK BAZ/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallah on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • PALESTINIANS-DIPLOMACY-UN-ISRAEL-CELEBRATIONS

    Palestinians celebrate in the West Bank city of Ramallah on November 29, 2012 after the General Assembly voted to recognise Palestine as a non-member state. The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted overwhelmingly to recognize Palestine as a non-member state, giving a major diplomatic triumph to president Mahmud Abbas despite fierce opposition from the United States and Israel. AFP PHOTO / ABBAS MOMANI (Photo credit should read ABBAS MOMANI/AFP/Getty Images)

  • A Palestinian flag is displayed as Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas leads his delegation from the U.N. General Assembly after a vote recognizing Palestine as a state on Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012 in New York. Palestinians won the statehood vote, even as the U.S., Israel's closest ally, mounted a campaign to head off the General Assembly vote. (AP Photo/Bebeto Matthews)

  • Palestinians celebrate the U.N. General Assembly votes on a resolution to upgrade the status of the Palestinian Authority to a nonmember observer state, along the streets of Gaza City, Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012. The U.N. General Assembly has voted by a more than two-thirds majority to recognize the state of Palestine. The resolution upgrading the Palestinians' status to a nonmember observer state at the United Nations was approved by the 193-member world body late Thursday by a vote of 138-9 with 41 abstentions. (AP Photo/Adel Hana)

  • Mahmoud Abbas, Ahmet Davutoglu

    IMAGE DISTRIBUTED FOR AVAAZ - President of the Palestinian National Authority Mahmoud Abbas, center right, is embraced by Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu after the U.N. General Assembly's historic vote to recognize Palestine as its 194th State at U.N. Headquarters, Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012. (Jason DeCrow/AP Images for Avaaz)

  • Mahmoud Abbas

    Members of the Palestinian delegation react as they surround Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, center, applauding, during a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly after a vote on a resolution on the issue of upgrading the Palestinian Authority's status to non-member observer state passed in the United Nations in New York, Thursday, Nov. 29, 2012. (AP Photo/Kathy Willens)

El grupo Hamas, atrincherado en Gaza, vio aumentar su popularidad tras resistir a principios de noviembre la ofensiva israelí en su contra.


___


Los periodistas de The Associated Press, Dalia Nammari, en Ramala, Cisjordania, e Ibrahim Barzak, en la Ciudad de Gaza City, contribuyeron a este despacho.

Videos relacionados: