WASHINGTON (AP) — Los demócratas retuvieron el martes la mayoría del Senado por un estrecho margen, arrebatándoles a los republicanos escaños en Massachusetts e Indiana, además de revertir millonarias contiendas en Virginia, Ohio, Wisconsin y Connecticut a fin de continuar con el control que mantienen desde el 2007.

Con un tercio de los escaños del Senado en la contienda de reelección, los republicanos sufrieron reveses por errores de sus candidatos, como en Misuri e Indiana, donde emitieron declaraciones torpes sobre violaciones y el aborto, que perjudicaron marcadamente sus posibilidades y la esperanza de su partido de obtener la mayoría.

Los demócratas retuvieron escaños en Virginia, Wisconsin y Nuevo México, y llevaban ventaja en Dakota del Norte después de la medianoche. El único curul que ganaron los republicanos fue Nebraska donde Deb Fischer le negó al senador Bob Kerrey la posibilidad del volver al Capitolio.

Los demócratas que llevaban 23 escaños en contienda comparado con sólo 10 para los republicanos, súbitamente vieron un aumento de sus filas. Iniciaron la jornada electoral con un margen de 53-47, entre ellos dos independientes que votan con ellos. Después de la medianoche, los demócratas controlaban 52 escaños ante 44 de los republicanos mientras tres contiendas no se habían definido y se había elegido a un nuevo independiente, Angus King de Maine. El nuevo senador afirmó que no había decidido con qué bancada se iba a alinear, pero grupos republicanos gastaron millones de dólares para oponerse a su candidatura.

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En Virginia, el demócrata Tim Kaine le ganó al republicano George Allen en una contienda de ex gobernadores, que atrajo varios millones de dólares de otros estados.


La nueva ecuación frena lo que parecía convertirse en un ascenso republicano en el Congreso.


King tomará el escaño dejado por la senadora republicana Olympia Snowe, quien se jubiló. Otro independiente, el senador de Vermont Bernie Sanders, fue reelegido para un segundo período.


Cuatro senadores demócratas también ganaron la reelección: Bill Nelson en Florida, Sheldon Whitehouse en Rhode Island, Ben Cardin en Maryland y Tom Carper en Delaware. El senador republicano Bob Corker fue reelegido en Tenesí.


King no ha dicho con el consejo político de qué partido se unirá, pero grupos republicanos gastaron millones de dólares para oponerse a su candidatura.


El líder de la mayoría demócrata en el Senado, Harry Reid, habló de reconciliación.


"Ahora que las elecciones han concluido, es hora de dejar la política de lado y colaborar para hallar soluciones en conjunto", destacó Reid en una declaración. "La estrategia de obstruccionismo, estancamiento y demoras ha sido rechazada por el pueblo estadounidense. Ahora nos observan para darles soluciones", destacó.

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Los republicanos necesitaban cuatro escaños, tres si Mitt Romney ganaba la presidencia.


El senador republicano Scott Brown, quien asombró a los demócratas en enero de 2010 al capturar el escaño del senador Edward M. Kennedy por Massachusetts, perdió ante la candidata demócrata Elizabeth Warren en una de las contiendas más costosas del país. Los dos candidatos acordaron no recibir dinero externo de Comités de Acción Política y otros grupos independientes y luego gastaron entre ambos 68 millones de dólares en sus campañas.


Una de las contiendas más seguidas fue la de Indiana, donde el tesorero estatal Richard Mourdock, con respaldo del Tea Party, perdió ante el legislador demócrata Joe Donnelly después de haber llevado una ventaja inicial.


Mourdock había sido considerado favorito después de haber eliminado en mayo al senador Richard Lugar —con seis períodos en el cargo— en las elecciones primarias del Partido Republicano.


Gráfico interactivo:


http://hosted.ap.org/interactives/2012/elecciones-EU/


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Mapa interactivo:


http://hosted.ap.org/interactives/2012/election-results/?SITE=LAVOZELN&LOCALE=ES

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